042508

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l'intention des membres de l'ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants: recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.

CARL COMMUNIQUE / COMMUNIQUÉ DE L’ABRC

Ms. Karen Adams has been appointed Director of Libraries at the University of Manitoba for a five year term beginning July 1, 2008. She is currently the Director of Library Services and Information Resources for the University of Alberta Libraries, a post she has held since 1998.

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Mme Karen Adams a été nommée Director of Libraries de la University of Manitoba pour un période de cinq ans commençant le 1er juillet 2008. Mme Adams est actuellement Director of Library Services and Information Resources au réseau des bibliothèques de la University of Alberta, une poste qu’elle a eu depuis 1998.

CARL’s Brief to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Industry, Science and Technology on Mobilizing Science & Technology to Canada’s Advantage is available on the CARL website.

http://www.carl-abrc.ca/new/pdf/carl_s_and_t_brief_april-2008.pdf

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Le mémoire de l’ABRC au Comité permanent de la Chambre des communes de l'industrie, des sciences et de la technologie au sujet de la Stratégie des sciences et de la technologie est disponible sur le site web de l’ABRC (en anglais).

http://www.carl-abrc.ca/new/pdf/carl_s_and_t_brief_april-2008.pdf

The Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) sent a letter to Mr. Albert Cloutier, Director, Copyright and International Intellectual Property Policy at Industry Canada and Mr. Jean-Paul Boulay, Director, Policy Development at Canadian Heritage on April 15, 2008. This letter follows up on a March 4, 2008, meeting where representatives of Industry Canada, Heritage Canada, and CARL discussed issues of copyright reform.

http://www.carl-abrc.ca/projects/copyright/pdf/cloutier_boulay-080415.pdf

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L’Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada (ABRC) a envoyée une lettre à M. Albert Cloutier, Directeur, Direction de la politique du droit d'auteur et de la propriété intellectuelle internationale à Industrie Canada, et M. Jean-Paul Boulay, Directeur, Élaboration de la politique au Patrimoine canadien le 15 avril 2008. Cette lettre est un suivi d’une réunion du 4 mars, 2008, où des représentants d’Industrie Canada, Patrimoine canadien, et l’ABRC ont discuté des enjeux reliés à la réforme du droit d'auteur (en anglais).

http://www.carl-abrc.ca/projects/copyright/pdf/cloutier_boulay-080415.pdf

NEWS / NOUVELLES

Charles B. Lowry Named ARL Executive Director

April 23, 2008

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) Board of Directors has appointed Charles B. Lowry as Executive Director of the Association, effective July 1, 2008. Dr. Lowry is currently Dean of Libraries at the University of Maryland, College Park. Since 1996, Dr. Lowry has been the Dean of Libraries at Maryland (http://www.lib.umd.edu/), leading a library system that serves over 35,000 students, faculty, and staff. Within ARL he has served on numerous committees, and he was elected by the membership to serve on the ARL Board of Directors for 2005-08.

http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/lowry-executive-director-23apr08.pdf

Some Libraries Shun Google in Book Battle

Curt Nickisch

National Public Radio, April 22, 2008

Technology has made it possible to make books accessible to anyone, anywhere. But in the effort to digitize the world's books, there's a fight brewing over who should control tomorrow's virtual libraries, and how open they should be. Some libraries are choosing to pay to digitize their collections rather than accept offers from Google and Microsoft to do it for free.

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=89850150

Michelle Landriault nommée agente des communications et de la recherche, Canadiana.org

21 avril 2008

Le président du conseil d’administration de Canadiana.org, John Teskey, a annoncé la nomination de Mme Michelle Landriault au poste d’agente des communications et de la recherche. L’expérience de travail de Michelle dans le monde des bibliothèques, des musées et de l’édition offre de multiples facettes.

http://www.carl-abrc.ca/new/pdf/canadiana.org_mlandriault_avri2008.pdf

Vers Internet à deux vitesses?

Le Devoir, 21 avril 2008

Va-t-on voir bientôt débarquer un Internet à deux vitesses? Avec d'un côté, des autoroutes avec une bande passante très rapide, mais payante que seuls certains sites pourraient s'offrir et, de l'autre, des petites départementales gratuites, où l'on lambinera? Bref, l'Internet des riches contre l'Internet des pauvres.

http://www.ledevoir.com/2008/04/21/186077.html

Technologie - Microsoft doit revoir le modèle qui a fait sa fortune

Bruno Guglielminetti

Le Devoir, 21 avril 2008

Devant l'offre grandissante de logiciels gratuits de plus en plus performants, Microsoft commence à réagir. Mais est-ce trop tard? On apprenait cette semaine que Microsoft est en train de revoir sa politique tarifaire en matière de licence d'utilisation. L'éditeur américain a confirmé qu'il songeait à commercialiser prochainement sa trousse de logiciel de bureautique par abonnement, et non plus uniquement la vendre avec une licence payée à l'achat.

http://www.ledevoir.com/2008/04/21/186079.html

Cybersanté: des infos pour l'Oncle Sam

André Noël

La Presse, 17 avril 2008

Le dossier de santé électronique sera lancé dans quelques semaines à Québec, d'abord à titre expérimental. Le ministère de la Santé espère l'étendre dans toute la province dès 2009. N'y a-t-il pas des risques que des personnes non autorisées les obtiennent? En vertu du USA Patriot Act, le FBI américain pourrait accéder aux renseignements personnels des Canadiens contenus dans les dossiers de santé électronique, dès que ceux-ci seront détenus par des entreprises ayant des liens avec les États-Unis, prévient un document d'Inforoute Santé du Canada, organisme créé par le gouvernement canadien.

http://www.cyberpresse.ca/article/20080417/CPACTUALITES/804170647/5358/CPPRESSE

Stirling scholars to put all published work online

Olga Wojtas

Times Higher Education, April 17, 2008

University of Stirling academics have been told that they must make all their published research freely available online, as part of a groundbreaking move towards "open-access" research. Ian Simpson, deputy principal for research and knowledge, said: "We believe that the outcomes of all publicly funded research should be made available as widely as possible. By ensuring free online access to our research output we will maximize the visibility and impact of the university's work … worldwide."

http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/story.asp?sectioncode=26&storycode=401480

ARTICLES

Developing Canada’s Intellectual Property Agenda

Jeremy de Beer and Michael Geist

In Canada Among Nations, Jean Daudelin and Daniel Schwanen, eds., McGill-Queen's University Press, 2007

This book chapter explores the new global intellectual property framework in order to identify what room to maneuver exists for Canadian foreign and domestic policies. By taking advantage of flexibilities in existing international agreements and promoting progressive attitudes toward new international initiatives, Canada can advance its own interests while simultaneously facilitating social and economic development in other parts of the world.

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1119291

Globalization and scholarly communication: a story of Canadian marginalization

Frits Pannekoek et al

In How Canadians communicate II : media, globalization and identity, University of Calgary Press, 2007

This book chapter argues that Canadian academic libraries have largely failed to maximize the opportunity to develop a national information infrastructure. As a result, they operate in an environment where information is often under the control of corporate interests and other nations.

While some discussion has taken place, there is an overall lack of a national dialogue on how to ameliorate this situation.

http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00013193/

Merchant Scientists

Ann Silversides

The Walrus, May 2008

The process of commercialization at Canadian universities has been formalized at a “very fast pace.” The shift in the perceived role of universities has taken place almost entirely in the absence of efforts to engage or inform ordinary Canadians. Indeed, major programs that further the commercialization agenda have been introduced without even parliamentary oversight. Yet the change is not without cost and risk.

http://www.walrusmagazine.com/articles/2008.05-science-and-commercialization-ann-silversides/

Science 2.0: Is Open Access Science the Future?

M. Mitchell Waldrop

Scientific American, April 2008

Blogging, tagging and social networking, dubbed Web 2.0, have quickly expanded people’s ability not just to consume online information but to publish it, edit it and collaborate on it—forcing such old-line institutions as journalism, marketing and even politicking to adopt whole new ways of thinking and operating. Science could be next. A small but growing number of researchers (and not just the younger ones) have begun to carry out their work via the wide-open tools of Web 2.0. And although their efforts are still too scattered to be called a movement—yet—their experiences to date suggest that this kind of Web-based “Science 2.0” is not only more collegial than traditional science but considerably more productive.

http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?id=science-2-point-0

AAAS and JSTOR: Anatomy of a successful initiative

David Carlson

College & Research Libraries News, Volume 69, Number 4, April 2008

In July 2007, the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) announced that it would discontinue future contributions of its premier journal, Science, to the JSTOR database, thereby ending AAAS participation in the Mellon-funded journal storage archive initiative. The library community mobilized to oppose this move and in January 2008, AAAS announced a reversal of its decision. This article tells the story of how this came about and the strategies that convinced AAAS to go back to the table with JSTOR and rethink its policy.

http://www.ala.org/ala/acrl/acrlpubs/crlnews/backissues2008/april08/aaasjstor.cfm

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Viser un juste équilibre : Un regard éthique sur les nouvelles technologies de surveillance et de contrôle à des fins de sécurité

David Boucher et Diane Duquet

Commission de l’éthique de la science et de la technologie, 10 avril 2008

La surveillance de masse peut être considérée comme un trait caractéristique des sociétés modernes. Les valeurs fondamentales au sein des sociétés démocratiques s’inscrivent au cœur des enjeux éthiques traités : l’évaluation de la pertinence, de l’efficacité et de la fiabilité des nouvelles technologies de surveillance et de contrôle (NTSC), la proportionnalité de la réponse à l’insécurité, l’acceptabilité sociale, le consentement, le respect des finalités et la protection des renseignements personnels.

http://www.ethique.gouv.qc.ca/Viser-un-juste-equilibre-Un-regard.html

Preserving the data explosion: using PDF

Betsy A. Fanning

Digital Preservation Coalition (DPC) Technology Watch Series Report, February 2008

This report reviews the use of PDF, Portable Document Format, more specifically, PDF/Archive as an archival file format to preserve an organization's knowledge. It should be noted that the use of PDF or PDF/Archive alone will not ensure the long-term preservation of electronic documents. When PDF/Archive is combined with a comprehensive records management program and formally established records policies and procedures, an organization can be sure that their electronic documents will be preserved.

http://www.dpconline.org/docs/reports/dpctw08-02.pdf

Open Access to Knowledge and Information: Scholarly Literature and Digital Library Initiatives - the South Asian Scenario

Anup Kumar Das et al

United Nations Educational Scientific & Cultural Organization (UNESCO), 2008

The South Asia sub-region is now in the forefront of the Open Access movement within developing countries in the world, with India being the most prominent partner in terms of its successful Open Access and Digital Library initiatives. The book describes successful digital library and open access initiatives in the South Asia sub-region that are available in the forms of open courseware, open access journals, metadata harvesting services, national-level open access repositories and institutional repositories.

http://www.scidev.net/en/announcements/new-book-open-access-to-knowledge-and-information-.html

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

IFLA Satellite Meeting: Rethinking Access to Information: Evolving perspectives on information content and delivery

Boston, MA, August 5-7, 2008

In her presentation about the Rethinking Resource Sharing Initiative given last year in Pretoria, South Africa, Kim Baker, Chair of the IFLA Document Delivery & Resource Sharing Standing Committee stated that: “Libraries need to stop looking at designing processes and systems to suit librarians – they need to adapt and modify their processes and systems to suit the user. This new paradigm thus STARTS with the user, and not the other way around.” The conference will be a unique opportunity for delegates from the US, Canada and countries around the Globe to come together and learn about innovative ideas and how libraries are rethinking their services.

https://www.bcr.org/rethinkingaccess/index.html

Congrès satellite de l’IFLA à Montréal : Statistiques de bibliothèques au 21e siècle

Montréal, Québec, 18 et 19 août 2008

La convergence au niveau international des travaux de normalisation sur les indicateurs statistiques et les mesures de performance favorisera les initiatives régionales et nationales autant au Québec et au Canada que dans d’autres pays développés et en émergence. La production collective d’études par étalonnage «benchmarking», l’analyse d’impacts «outcomes» et l’apparition de modèles intégrés d’évaluation comparative de la qualité des services dont les tableaux de bord sont certes des activités qui nécessiteront une plus grande normalisation.

http://ville.montreal.qc.ca/portal/page?_pageid=4276,15011587&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL

Diego Argáez

Research Officer / Agent de recherche

Canadian Association of Research Libraries / Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada

Room / Pièce 238, Pavillon Morisset Hall, 65 University Private

Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9A5

Phone / Téléphone : (613) 562-5800 ext. 2427

Fax / Télécopieur : (613) 562-5195

E-mail / Courriel : ac.awattou|oprlrac#ac.awattou|oprlrac

www.carl-abrc.ca

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