050908

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l'intention des membres de l'ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants: recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.

CARL COMMUNIQUE / COMMUNIQUÉ DE L’ABRC

Congratulations to Ms. Lucie Gardner (Université du Québec à Montréal) who was appointed to the CARL Board to complete Mr. William Curran’s (Concordia) term as the representative for Quebec. Her term of office will be from May 2008 to June 2009. The new Board will meet for the first time on Thursday May 15, 2008.

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Félicitations à Mme Lucie Gardner (Université du Québec à Montréal) qui a été nommée au sein du Conseil de l`ABRC afin de terminer le mandat de M. William Curran (Concordia) à titre de représentante du Québec. Son mandat commencera en mai 2008 pour se terminer en juin 2009. Le nouveau Conseil tiendra sa première réunion le jeudi 15 mai 2008.

Parliamentary Librarian Mr. William Young is pleased to announce the arrival of Mr. Tim Mark to the Library of Parliament as a Scholar-Librarian in Residence for a six-month term effective May 5, 2008. During his time with the Library, Mr. Mark will provide advice on library opportunities and challenges such as digital preservation, copyright issues and academic exchange programs.

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M. William Young, Bibliothécaire parlementaire, a le plaisir d’annoncer l’arrivée de M. Tim Mark, bibliothécaire-chercheur invité pour un séjour de six mois à compter du 5 mai, 2008. Durant son séjour il formulera des conseils sur les possibilités et les défis qui se présentent - notamment la préservation numérique, les problèmes de droit d’auteur, et les échanges entre les universités.

NEWS / NOUVELLES

Concern grows as copyright law debate heats up

Sarah Schmidt

Ottawa Citizen, May 8, 2008

Concerns are growing over whether it will be good for consumers as representatives of the U.S. government and the entertainment industry met with a group of MPs studying intellectual property to talk about cracking down on copyright infringements. The U.S. Digital Millennium Copyright Act, favoured by many industry representatives, criminalizes the production of technology that circumvents digital protection mechanisms, prevents consumers from making backup copies of digital material they’ve purchased and disallows reading material using equipment of their choice.

C&RL preprints go open access

May 6, 2008

College & Research Libraries (C&RL), the bi-monthly scholarly journal of the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL), is pleased to announce the launch of an open access, pre-publication service for accepted articles. C&RL pre-prints are fully vetted articles that are ready for publication pending only final copyediting and space in an upcoming issue.

http://www.ala.org/ala/pressreleases2008/may2008/CRLpreprints.cfm

Launch of Open Humanities Press

SubalternStudies, May 5, 2008

On May 12, 2008, the Open Humanities Press (OHP) will launch with 7 of the leading Open Access journals in critical and cultural theory. A non-profit, international grass-roots initiative, OHP marks a watershed in the growing embrace of Open Access in the humanities. “OHP is a bold and timely venture” said J. Hillis Miller, Distinguished Professor of English at the University of California, Irvine, a long-time supporter of the Open Access movement and OHP board member. “It is designed to make peer-reviewed scholarly and critical works in a number of humanistic disciplines and cross-disciplines available free online.

http://subalternstudies.com/?p=394

Lobbying on 'net throttling' heads to Hill

Simon Doyle

The Hill Times, May 5, 2008

Lobbying is heating up on Parliament Hill over the controversial issue of "traffic shaping" and "net throttling" as the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) analyses the evidence before it and determines whether to issue a "cease and desist" order to Bell Canada. The Canadian Association of Internet Providers (CAIP) says, 'Bell has engaged in these throttling practices without providing a shred of evidence that its network is congested.'

Les dérives de la concurrence interuniversitaire

Denis Monière

Le Devoir, 5 mai 2008

La concurrence effrénée que se livrent les universités québécoises dans la chasse aux clientèles entraîne des effets pervers. On a vu ces dernières années les universités se lancer dans de vastes projets de développement immobilier et de délocalisation qui visent à phagocyter les clientèles des autres universités.

http://www.ledevoir.com/2008/05/05/188311.html

L'échec du rachat de Yahoo! par Microsoft laisse les deux affaiblis, et Google gagnant

Le Devoir, 5 mai 2008

L'échec du rachat de Yahoo! par Microsoft ramène les deux groupes à zéro, Microsoft devant trouver d'autres alliés et Yahoo! risquant de s'écrouler en Bourse dès aujourd'hui, laissant tout loisir à Google de renforcer sa toute-puissance sur Internet. Microsoft, leader mondial des logiciels, a renoncé samedi à racheter Yahoo!, numéro deux mondial de la publicité en ligne, qui a refusé son offre bien que Microsoft l'ait relevée de 5 milliards, à plus de 46 milliards de dollars.

http://www.ledevoir.com/2008/05/05/188340.html

Irish Research Council moves to improve access to research findings

May 1, 2008

The Irish Research Council for Science, Engineering & Technology (IRCSET) has taken moves today to ensure that research papers published by its funding recipients will be made available in an open access repository, within six months of their first publication. The new development is in line with best international practice and is designed to enhance the public accessibility of State funded research.

http://www.ircset.ie/news/releases/080501.html

Les doctorants mal préparés au marché du travail

Isabelle Hachey

La Presse, 30 avril 2008

Les universités du Québec décernent de plus en plus de doctorats, mais préparent mal ceux qui en héritent au marché du travail, selon une étude du Conseil national des cycles supérieurs de la Fédération étudiante universitaire du Québec (CNCS-FEUQ). "Il faut donner un nouveau souffle à la formation doctorale", prévient le professeur Jean Nicolas, coauteur de l'étude. "Il y a 30 ans, la majorité des carrières destinées aux titulaires de doctorats étaient professorales. Aujourd'hui, de 50% à 80% des emplois se trouvent à l'extérieur des universités." Or, la formation ne s'est jamais adaptée à cette nouvelle réalité.

http://www.cyberpresse.ca/article/20080430/CPACTUALITES/804300728/1019/CPACTUALITES

Saul's Extraordinary Canadians series an extraordinary treat for history buffs

Jeff Davis

The Hill Times, April 28, 2008

John Ralston Saul says 'this is the biggest project in the history of Canadian publishing. Period.' Canadian history buffs will have plenty of quality material to feed their passion in the coming years, as a sweeping and unprecedented new project in Canadian biography takes flight. The Extraordinary Canadians series, published by Penguin, has assembled 18 of Canada's finest writers to bring to life some of our history's most towering figures in slim, accessible volumes.

Happy spamiversary! Spam reaches 30

Kurt Kleiner

NewScientist, April 25, 2008

Thirty years ago next week, Gary Thuerk, a marketer at the now-defunct computer firm Digital Equipment Corporation, sent an email to 393 users of Arpanet, the US government-run computer network that eventually became the internet. It was the first spam email ever. Today, spam makes up 80 to 90% of all emails sent – around 120 billion messages per day – and is a multi-billion dollar industry.

http://technology.newscientist.com/article/dn13777-happy-spamiversary-spam-reaches-30.html

ARTICLES

Rankings go global

Kevin Carey

Inside Higher Ed, May 6, 2008

The rise of global college rankings should put to rest any idea that higher education can somehow boycott its way back to the halcyon days before rankings ruined everything. International competition in higher education is becoming more intense, and in the information age, the number of measures and methods available to compare colleges and universities will only grow.

http://insidehighered.com/views/2008/05/06/carey

Messaging shorthand seeps into formal usage

Holly Leber

Chattanooga Times Free Times, May 5, 2008

OMG! WTH r kidz riting 2day? The Pew Internet and American Life Project asks this question, formally of course, in its April 24 study, “Writing, Technology and Teens.” The study found nearly 64 percent of teens say they have used some form of written informality in their schoolwork. This can include failure to punctuate or capitalize properly, using Internet slang (often acronyms) or using “emoticons.”

http://timesfreepress.com/news/2008/may/05/chattanooga-messaging-shorthand-seeps-formal-usage/

The death of DRM

Jay Somerset

Canadian Business Online, April 28, 2008

Between 1999 — the height of the “illegal” download, Napster era — and 2006, music sales in Canada fell 47%, to $700 million from $1.4 billion. To some businesses the slump proved fatal, driving into bankruptcy iconic retailers like Sam the Record Man and Music World. Survivors, like the major record labels, were thrown into a frenzy of finger-pointing while they sought ways to reverse declining revenue trends. “DRM was an attempt to combat piracy, but as a business tactic it failed miserably,” says Michael Goodman, director of digital entertainment at Yankee Group in Boston. “It was a knee-jerk response by the music industry that did nothing to prevent piracy and frustrated consumers.”

http://www.canadianbusiness.com/innovation/article.jsp?content=20080416_105241_7772

Truth: Can You Handle It? Better Yet: Do You Know It When You See It?

Monica Hesse

The Washington Post, April 27, 2008

“How many legs does a dog have, if you call the tail a leg? Four. Calling a tail a leg doesn't make it a leg.” – Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln never said this. He liked a similar, more long-winded anecdote about a cow, not a dog. Still, the quote is credited to Abraham Lincoln on some 11,000 different Web pages, including quote resources Brainy Quote and World of Quotes.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/04/25/AR2008042500922.html

Applying the Access Principle in Law: The Responsibilities of the Legal Scholar

Richard A. Danner

International Journal of Legal Information

This article applies to legal scholarship the ideas developed and argued in John Willinsky’s 2006 book: 'The Access Principle: The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship' regarding the responsibilities of scholars to make their works widely available through open access mechanisms via the Internet.

http://eprints.law.duke.edu/1698/

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Periodicals Price Survey 2008: Embracing Openness

Lee C. Van Orsdel & Kathleen Born

Library Journal, April 15, 2008

Evidence for open access as an emergent, global state of mind is everywhere. The New York Times went “open” last September, and the Wall Street Journal is slated to follow. Increasingly, scholarly communities are breaking with tradition and calling for the open sharing of research, software, and data. In amongst these global initiatives is the campaign to provide open access to the results of research that is funded with public dollars. That campaign has produced a series of startling successes in recent months, with potentially profound implications for the journal publishing industry.

http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6547086.html

DAISY Pipeline Improves Information Access for People with Print Disabilities

May 8, 2008

The Digital Accessible Information SYstem (DAISY) announces the latest release of the DAISY Pipeline, a free, downloadable transformation suite that transforms documents from a variety of file formats (DAISY XML, html, rtf, ooxml, EPUB) into accessible multimedia formats for people unable to read print due to a visual, physical, perceptual, developmental, cognitive, or learning disability.

http://www.daisy.org/projects/pipeline/

Chemists spin a web of data

Geoff Brumfiel

Nature, Volume 453, Number 7192, May 7, 2008

The ChemSpider website provides free information on millions of molecules. Although biologists have enormous public databases of genes and proteins, chemists usually have to pay for access to data on molecules. Chemist Antony Williams is hoping to change this in a move likely to ruffle the feathers of the American Chemical Society. Williams, a private consultant based in Wake Forest, North Carolina, has started ChemSpider compiling data on nearly 20 million molecules in a year.

http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080507/full/453139a.html

Open Access Directory (OAD)

April 30, 2008

Peter Suber and Robin Peek have launched the Open Access Directory (OAD), a wiki where the open access community can create and maintain simple factual lists about open access to science and scholarship. Suber, a Research Professor of Philosophy at Earlham College, and Peek, an Associate Professor of Library and Information Science at Simmons College, conceived the project in order to collect OA-related lists for one-stop reference and searching. The wiki will start operating with about half a dozen lists for example, conferences devoted to open access, discussion forums devoted to open access, and journal "declarations of independence" and add more over time.

http://oad.simmons.edu/oadwiki/Main_Page

Le doctorat en question: étude du CNCS-FEUQ sur la formation doctorale

Jean Nicolas et al

Conseil national des cycles supérieurs - Fédération étudiante universitaire du Québec, avril 2008

Pour le CNCS-FEUQ, l’adaptation de la formation doctorale aux nouvelles réalités qui attendent les diplômés est un impératif. Les données démontrent que, de plus en plus, la carrière de professeur constitue la destination d’une minorité de diplômés de doctorat. En fait, si on considère également les finissants de maîtrise, une faible minorité des diplômés de cycles supérieurs demeure affectée à la recherche universitaire. La formation doctorale, à titre d’exemple, fait actuellement l’objet de nombreuses critiques de la part de différents acteurs du milieu de la recherche et du monde du travail.

http://www.feuq.qc.ca/ledoctoratenquestion/

The case for long-term electronic data archiving

Avinash Chuntharpursat

South African Environmental Observation Network (SAEON), April 30, 2008

Archiving has been an activity carried out for thousands of years as part of documents and artifact management. Ancient civilizations from across the world have left records of what existed and what life was like during their period of existence. This included papyrus, cloth, clay figurines and pots, metal artifacts, paintings, engravings, tablets and a host of others. It appears that the principles of archiving have not changed much over time, however the technology available to archive has. With modern advances in information technology, archiving has moved to a new media namely an electronic media, and with it comes a whole new set of challenges.

http://www.saeon.ac.za/eNewsletter/Online/2008/may/the-case-for-long-term-electronic-data-archiving

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

The One Big Library Unconference

Toronto, Ontario, June 27, 2008

The One Big Library Unconference is a one-day gathering of librarians, technologists and other interested people, talking about the present and future of libraries. It's organized and sponsored by York University Libraries and the YUL Emerging Technologies Interest Group.

http://onebiglibrary.yorku.ca/index.php?title=Main_Page

Service Quality Evaluation Academy Now Accepting Nominations for 2009

May 5, 2008

The 2009 Service Quality Evaluation Academy, co-sponsored by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) and the Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL), is now accepting participant nominations, with a deadline of October 27, 2008. The academy is an intensive five-day program that focuses on both qualitative and quantitative methods for collecting and analyzing library service quality data.

http://www.arl.org/stats/statsevents/sqacademy/

Open meeting on the Initiative for Equitable Library Access

Vancouver, British Columbia, May 24, 2008, 8:30-9:30am

In January 2008, CLA Executive Council approved the creation of a working group on the Initiative for Equitable Library Access. The working group is hosting an open meeting during the CLA conference in Vancouver to provide an opportunity for discussion and an update from Library and Archives Canada and the Working Group.

http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/iela/index-e.html

First Workshop on "Very Large Digital Libraries"

Aarhus, Denmark, September 19, 2008

Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following:

· Service Architectures/Infrastructures for large-scale DL systems

· Building and Managing Distributed Information Spaces

· Sustainability methodologies in large-scale DLs

· Interoperability techniques in large-scale DLs

· Data management in large-scale DLs

http://www.delos.info/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=618&Itemid

Diego Argáez

Research Officer / Agent de recherche

Canadian Association of Research Libraries / Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada

Room / Pièce 238, Pavillon Morisset Hall, 65 University Private

Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9A5

Phone / Téléphone : (613) 562-5800 ext. 2427

Fax / Télécopieur : (613) 562-5195

E-mail / Courriel : ac.awattou|oprlrac#ac.awattou|oprlrac

www.carl-abrc.ca

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