070308

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l'intention des membres de l'ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants: recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.

CARL COMMUNIQUE / COMMUNIQUÉ DE L’ABRC

Mr. Gerald Beasley is the new University Librarian at Concordia University as of July 1, 2008. He succeeds William Curran, who made an exceptional contribution to the university during his two terms in the position. Gerald Beasley comes to Concordia from Columbia University where he was Director of the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library, a position he has held since 2004.

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M. Gerald Beasley est le nouveau Bibliothécaire en chef à l’Université Concordia effectivement du 1er juillet 2008. Il succède à M Bill Curran, qui a contribué à l’Université de façon exceptionnelle pendant ses deux termes dans cette position. Gerald Beasley était Director of the Avery Architectural and Fine Arts Library à Columbia University, un poste qu’il a eu depuis 2004.

NEWS / NOUVELLES

Science-publishing firm struggles to make ends meet with open-access model

Declan Butler

Nature, Volume 454, Number 7200, July 3, 2008

Since its launch in 2002, PLoS has been kept afloat financially by some US$17.3 million in philanthropic grants. An analysis by Nature of the company's accounts shows that PLoS still relies heavily on charity funding, and falls far short of its stated goal of quickly breaking even through its business model of charging authors a fee to publish in its journals. In the past financial year, ending 30 September 2007, its $6.68-million spending outstripped its revenue of $2.86 million, according to the publicly available accounts.

http://www.nature.com/news/2008/080702/full/454011a.html

Open Access Policy will give researchers worldwide immediate access to OICR data

June 30, 2008

The Ontario Institute for Cancer Research (OICR) is taking the lead in 2008 and making the research it funds available to the public through an open access policy that takes effect July 1. OICR’s policy, “Access to Research Outputs,” provides the guidelines for OICR’s scientists when they publish their work and describes the institutional repository where all publications from OICR scientists will be deposited for public accessibility.

http://www.oicr.on.ca/portalnews/vol2_issue3/access.htm

In Lawsuit, University Asserts That Downloading Copyrighted Texts Is Fair Use

Andrea L. Foster

The Chronicle of Higher Education, June 27, 2008

In a closely watched copyright-infringement lawsuit, Georgia State University fired back this week at its accusers, three academic publishers that say the institution invites students to illegally download and print readings from thousands of works. The university asserts that its online distribution of course material is permitted under copyright law's fair-use exemption.

http://chronicle.com/free/2008/06/3583n.htm

Readex partners with Center for Research Libraries to create Web-based World Newspaper Archive

June 26, 2008

Readex, a division of NewsBank, and the Center for Research Libraries (CRL) announced today that they will create the world's largest, fully searchable digital archive of international newspapers. The World Newspaper Archive will provide students, teachers and scholars unprecedented access to historical newspapers published outside the United States, advancing research and offering new insights across wide-ranging academic disciplines.

http://www.readex.com/readex/press.cfm?press=45

Stanford University School of Education Open Access Motion

June 25, 2008

In recognition of its responsibility to make its research and scholarship as widely and publicly available as possible, the faculty of the Stanford University School of Education is determined to take advantage of new technologies to increase access to its work among scholars worldwide, educators, policymakers, and the public. In support of greater openness in scholarly and educational endeavors, the faculty of the School of Education agree to the following policy: Faculty members grant to the Stanford University permission to make publicly available their scholarly articles and to exercise the copyright in those articles. They grant to Stanford University a nonexclusive, irrevocable, worldwide license to exercise any and all rights under copyright relating to their scholarly articles, in any medium, and to authorize others to do the same, provided that the articles are properly attributed to the authors not sold for a profit.

https://mx2.arl.org/Lists/SPARC-OAForum/Message/4450.html

Two of five candidates to move forward: Government tags AAFC and NRCan labs for transfer to university sector

RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 22, Number 10, June 20, 2008

The federal government will move forward on only two of the five federal laboratories identified by an Expert Panel as early candidates for collaboration with a range of academic, institutional and industry partners. The government response was announced with little explanation as to why the other three candidates were not being considered, although there is speculation that many of the government departments targeted for transfer opposed their inclusion since the proposals came from sources external to government.

Report urges NSERC to adopt Conference Model to review Discovery Grant applications

RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 22, Number 10, June 20, 2008

A new report to the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) is recommending that the process for evaluating applicants to the Discovery Grants Program (DGP) be overhauled. The proposed changes would provide greater consistency across disciplines and an enhanced ability to properly handle research in emerging areas and areas that cross traditional disciplinary boundaries. The report further urges the granting council to base its granting decisions on the cost of research and not the researchers need for funding.

ARTICLES

Digital Daze

Scott McLemee

Inside Higher Ed, July 2, 2008

The late Jean Baudrillard – postmodern theorist and, in his day, major brand-name cash cow in the world of academic publishing – used to speculate about how technological objects were enacting their revenge upon us. But something else seemed to be happening at the annual meeting of the Association of American University Presses, in Montreal late last week.

http://insidehighered.com/views/2008/07/02/mclemee

Giving new life to out-of-print books: when publishers’ and libraries’ interests meet

Françoise Vandooren and Cécile Gass

Learned Publishing, Volume 2 1, Number 3, JULY 2008

Universities have the great advantage that they bring together all the different types of actors involved in the scholarly publication process: authors, reviewers, publishers, libraries, readers. When they join together and think about their common interests, this can lead to improvements in access to publications for the whole scientific community. This is what happened at the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB), when the library and Editions de l’Université de Bruxelles (EUB), the University’s publishing imprint, decided to collaborate to provide online access to recent out-of-print books.

http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00013837/01/Article-LearnedPublishing-Vandooren-Gass-POSTPRINT.pdf

Planning Through the Rear-View Mirror

Ron Freedman

RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 22, Number 10, June 20, 2008

Imagine if Canada had to survive in the world of the future without a manufacturing industry or a natural resource industry. That is, if we had no manufactured goods or raw materials to trade with the rest of the world. How would we do that? With the continuing shrinkage of Canadian manufacturing and large elements of our natural resource sector under pressure (oil and agriculture being current exceptions) that might not be a far-fetched question in the years to come. Especially if oil trading at $135 a barrel stimulates the rapid introduction of alternative technologies, such as electric cars and synthetic fuels that in turn displace our high-cost oil sands production.

Electronic Serials Usage Patterns as Observed at a Medium-Size University: Searches and Full-Text Downloads

Alain Raymond Lamothe

Partnership: the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, Volume 3, Number 1 (2008)

As the number of electronic serials available to libraries continues to increase while library budgets remain either stagnant or on the decrease, it becomes necessary to evaluate the use of a library’s electronic collection. In 2006, usage statistics were evaluated at Laurentian University, Canada, to provide direction to collection development and identify high-cost low-use electronic serials. Searches and full-text downloads were studied.

http://journal.lib.uoguelph.ca/index.php/perj/article/view/416

Canadiana.org: One of Canada's oldest and newest digitization initiatives

Brian Bell

Partnership: the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research, Volume 3, Number 1 (2008)

Canadiana.org is a new independent, non-profit, alliance of partners, including Library and Archives Canada, from all parts of Canada's cultural, heritage, research, broadcasting and publishing communities, chartered to raise funds, receive donations and grants and to act as the overall coordinator and facilitator for digitization initiatives and related enduring access services and preservation infrastructures.

http://journal.lib.uoguelph.ca/index.php/perj/article/view/465/829

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Science Dissemination using Open Access: A compendium of selected literature on Open Access

E. Canessa and M. Zennaro

International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Science Dissemination Unit, July 2008

This book aims to guide the scientific community on the requirements of Open Access, and the plethora of low-cost solutions available. A compendium of selected literature on Open Access is presented to increase the awareness of the potential of open publishing in general. The book also aims to encourage decision makers in academia and research centers to adopt institutional and regional Open Access Journals and Archives to make their own scientific results public and fully searchable on the Internet.

http://sdu.ictp.it/openaccess/book.html

Understanding Open Access in the Academic Environment: a Guide for Authors

Kylie Pappalardo et al

Open Access to Knowledge (OAK) Law Project, June 2008

The guide provides authors with an overview of the concept of and rationale for open access to research outputs and how they may be involved in its implementation and with what effect. In doing so it considers the central role of copyright law and publishing agreements in structuring an open access framework as well as the increasing involvement of funders and academic institutions. Importantly, the guide addresses how open access goals can affect an author’s relationship with their commercial publisher and provides guidance on how to negotiate a proper allocation of copyright interests between an author and publisher. A Copyright Toolkit is provided to further assist authors in managing their copyright.

http://www.oaklaw.qut.edu.au/

Open Access Opportunities and Challenges: a Handbook

European Commission, Directorate-General for Research, 2008

Researchers, interested lay people, inventors, patients, teachers and journalists are all confronted with a tollbooth at the entrance to the gardens of knowledge when seeking the latest state of knowledge for private or professional reasons. For many users, this is a paradoxical situation: never before has scholarship had at its disposal such a platform for knowledge networking as is offered by the Internet, but at the same time the transfer of the traditional publication system to cyberspace goes hand-in- hand with exclusive rights of access. The issue of Open Access is no longer a matter just for specialists, it is now firmly on the European political agenda.

http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society//document_library/pdf_06/open-access-handbook_en.pdf

Libraries in Canada Portal

Goethe Institute, June 2008

On the occasion of the IFLA Conference in Quebec City in August 2008, the Goethe Institute in Canada offers an overview of the library landscape in Canada. The articles provided, which for the most part come from North American library journals, describe various types of libraries and demonstrate innovative and successful work in Canadian libraries, such as multicultural services, Web 2.0 services and digitization projects.

http://www.goethe.de/ins/ca/lp/prj/bik/enindex.htm

Core Functions of the Research Library in the 21st Century

Council on Library and Information Resources
February 27, 2008

The information landscape of early twenty-first century higher education is characterized by ubiquitous, digitized, indexed online access to content. Researchers and students begin and often end their quest for information online. Results of research can be and increasingly are published without publishers. Access to these results, and to the cultural and scientific record that constitutes the primary resource base for research and teaching, is narrowed by the increasingly exclusive use of licensing in lieu of selling. What are the critical functions of the research library in this changing landscape? To address this question, CLIR commissioned 8 essays as background for discussion at a meeting held in Washington DC.

http://www.clir.org/activities/registration/08r21.html

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

Implementing e-Learning 2.0 Technologies

The eLearning Guild

Online, September 18 & 19, 2008

New technologies are driving changes in the way we provide learning to the learners, the way they interact with the content, and the way they learn. This Online Forum looks at Learning 2.0 – using wikis, Podcasting, blogs, virtual worlds, collaborative technologies, and other emerging learning technologies, to provide learners with effective learning tools. You will see examples, from all types of organizations, of how they are selecting, implementing, and managing these new approaches to providing learning.

http://www.elearningguild.com/content.cfm?selection=doc.905

3rd Workshop on "Foundations of Digital Libraries"

Aarhus, Denmark, September 18, 2008

Since its conception, the Digital Library field has been a very broad and heterogeneous research arena, attracting practitioners and researchers from a large number of disciplines. Despite the plethora of diversely motivated models, systems, and results that have been developed, no agreement exists yet on the foundations characterizing and governing Digital Libraries. Nowadays the community is well aware of the problems generated by such lack of a universally accepted unifying framework; it is urgent that the current situation is reversed so that progress in the field can be accelerated.

http://www.delos.info/DLFoundations2008

Diego Argáez

Research Officer / Agent de recherche

Canadian Association of Research Libraries / Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada

Room / Pièce 238, Pavillon Morisset Hall, 65 University Private

Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9A5

Phone / Téléphone : (613) 562-5800 ext. 2427

Fax / Télécopieur : (613) 562-5297

E-mail / Courriel : ac.awattou|oprlrac#ac.awattou|oprlrac

www.carl-abrc.ca

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