071508

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l'intention des membres de l'ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants: recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.

NEWS / NOUVELLES

NERL Joins SCOAP3

July 15, 2008

The NorthEast Research Libraries consortium, NERL, has joined SCOAP3. With NERL, SCOAP3 now counts partners in 16 countries and an international organization, which have collectively pledged 4.5 million Euros (7.2 million U.S. dollars) corresponding to 45% of the global SCOAP3 budget envelope. Since SCOAP3 was first promoted in the U.S at the end of February, 44 U.S. partners (library consortia, national laboratories and individual libraries) have already pledged about half of the expected U.S. contribution to SCOAP3.

http://www.scoap3.org/news/news45.html

ALA Council passes resolution on sound recordings

July 15, 2008

At the American Library Association (ALA) 2008 Annual Conference in Anaheim, Calif., the ALA Council passed a resolution on sound recordings made prior to February 1972, emphasizing the need for their preservation and accessibility. In the resolution, the Council urges Congress to charge the U.S. Copyright Office to study the desirability of bringing sound recordings made before Feb. 15, 1972, under federal jurisdiction. Under current U.S. copyright law, all sound recordings issued in the United States prior to that date are prevented from entering the public domain until 2067. This places historical recordings at significant risk of loss by thwarting preservation programs because of the uncertainty over whether creating preservation copies would violate copyright law.

http://www.ala.org/ala/pressreleases2008/July2008/CouncilResolutionRecordings.cfm

Google/Viacom Agree To Preserve User Anonymity In Data Shakedown

Michael Arrington

TechCrunch, July 14, 2008

The Google-Viacom showdown over the handover of YouTube user data appears to be over. The two sides agreed to changes in a previous ruling that would have required Google to hand over user id’s, IP addresses and a list of all viewed YouTube videos to Viacom in connection with their ongoing copyright infringement litigation.

http://www.techcrunch.com/2008/07/14/googleviacom-agree-to-preserve-user-anonymity-in-data-shakedown/

Yahoo! repousse une nouvelle offre de rachat de Microsoft

Le Monde, 13 juillet 2008

Yahoo! a fait savoir, samedi 13 juillet, qu'il rejetait la nouvelle offre d'achat faite par Microsoft, au motif qu'elle "ne serait absolument pas dans l'intérêt" de leurs actionnaires. L'offre, formulée vendredi par Microsoft et Carl Icahn, actionnaire minoritaire de Yahoo!, proposait une restructuration massive et la vente de ses activités de moteur de recherche à Microsoft, ainsi que le renouvellement complet de l'équipe de direction de Yahoo!, et donc le départ de son co-fondateur Jerry Yang, ouvertement hostile à une telle acquisition.

http://www.lemonde.fr/technologies/article/2008/07/13/yahoo-repousse-une-nouvelle-offre-de-rachat-de-microsoft_1073030_651865.html#ens_id=1029868

Accord entre Google et la bibliothèque de Lyon

Alain Beuve-Méry

Le Monde, 12 juillet 2008

La France ne constitue plus une exception pour Google. Vendredi 11 juillet, le maire de Lyon, Gérard Collomb (PS), a donné son feu vert pour que le moteur de recherche américain engage la numérisation d'ouvrages patrimoniaux de la bibliothèque municipale, qui, avec ses 1,3 million de titres, est la deuxième de France.

http://www.lemonde.fr/culture/article/2008/07/12/accord-entre-google-et-la-bibliotheque-de-lyon_1072853_3246.html#ens_id=1029868

NDP candidate to make copyright a byelection issue in Guelph, Ont.

CBC News, July 11, 2008

NDP candidate Tom King pledged Friday to make the federal government's copyright reform bill an issue in the upcoming byelection in Guelph, Ont. One of three ridings that will hold federal byelections in early September, Guelph is expected to be hotly contested by Conservative candidate Gloria Kovach and Liberal candidate Frank Valeriote, after incumbent Liberal MP Brenda Chamberlain resigned in April. King, a longtime artist and writer, urged Guelph-area residents to get politically involved to prevent the proposed copyright legislation from becoming law and push for rules that are fair to artists and consumers.

http://www.cbc.ca/arts/story/2008/07/11/tech-copyright.html

High Cost of Driving Ignites Online Classes Boom

Sam Dillon

The New York Times, July 11, 2008

The vast majority of the nation’s [US] 15 million college students - at least 79 percent - live off campus, and with gas prices above $4 a gallon, many are seeking to cut commuting costs by studying online. Colleges from Massachusetts and Florida to Texas to Oregon have reported significant online enrollment increases for summer sessions, with student numbers in some cases 50 percent or 100 percent higher than last year.

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/11/education/11colleges.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1&ref=technology

As Textbooks Go 'Custom,' Students Pay

john Hechinger

The Wall Street Journal, July 10, 2008

College students, already struggling with soaring tuition bills and expenses, are encountering yet another financial hit: Publishers and schools are working together to produce "custom" textbooks that can limit students' use of the money-saving trade in used books. And in a controversial twist, some academic departments are sharing in the profits from these texts.

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121565135185141235.html

Expanding university research activity creating cost pressures on other activities

RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 22, Number 11, July 7, 2008

Canadian universities are spending an increasing share of their general operating and special purpose funds to cover the costs of research says a new report from the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC). It argues that the failure of governments and other sponsors of research conducted at universities to keep pace with the increase in research spending at post-secondary institutions will become more severe as global competition for research heats up and the university research enterprise expands.

Competition Policy Review weighs in on innovation and post-secondary education

RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 22, Number 11, July 7, 2008

The federal government should establish a Canadian Competitiveness Council within Industry Canada to help implement a host of proposed measures to enhance Canada's competitive advantage. The recommendation was one of 65 contained in the eagerly awaited final report of the Competition Policy Review Panel to increase competitive intensity through productivity and business environment enhancements.

ARTICLES

The New Digital Awareness

Shannon Bohle

Library Journal, July 15, 2008

Envision your library zipping swiftly along in a flow of technological change like the bits and bytes traveling the electronic information superhighway, following those in front and keeping pace with those immediately around but totally unaware of the road map that describes the journey. With all the new advances in library technology—including metadata, social networking, and Web 2.0, along with the advent of nonlibrary and for-profit digital information companies like Wikisource and Google Print—librarians have barely had time to reflect on the nontechnical implications of these innovations.

http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6573345.html

Scientists for a new age

Jack Stripling

Inside Higher Ed, July 14, 2008

There’s a growing need for scientists who are as comfortable in the boardroom as they are in the laboratory, and this new breed of thinkers won’t need doctorates, according to a new report released by the National Research Council Friday. The report calls for the creation of more professionally oriented master’s degree programs that would give students broad-based science knowledge and a dash of business and communications skills to boot.

http://insidehighered.com/news/2008/07/14/masters

Could Google Monopolize Human Knowledge?

Gregory M. Lamb

ABC News, July 12, 2008

Should a single company be left in charge of putting all of the world's books online? An impressive list of world-class libraries and book publishers don't seem to mind. In 2004, they signed on as partners with Google, the Internet search and advertising colossus based in Mountain View, Calif. Yet some observers have strong concerns about Google Book Search and how the collected thinking of human history will be accessed in the future.

http://abcnews.go.com/Business/CSM/story?id=5357748

Les nouveaux usages des générations internet : un défi pour les bibliothèques et les bibliothécaires

Cécile Touitou

Bulletin des Bibliothèques de France, 2008, Tome 53, Numéro 4

Les nouvelles pratiques de recherche et de lecture en ligne des jeunes chercheurs et, de manière plus générale, les comportements des « digital natives » nés après 1990 semblent difficilement compatibles avec un usage traditionnel du livre et de la bibliothèque. Le défi, pour les bibliothécaires, est donc de se battre pour montrer et apporter à cette génération leur savoir-faire, en ouvrant les accès sur les collections, les lieux, les services et la recherche.

http://bbf.enssib.fr/sdx/BBF/pdf/bbf-2008-4/bbf-2008-04-0067-001.pdf

L’évaluation des personnels dans les bibliothèques d’enseignement supérieur : espoirs et doutes

Raymond Bérard

Bulletin des Bibliothèques de France, 2008, Tome 53, Numéro 3

En 2000, le BBF publiait un article sur l’évaluation des compétences et des personnels dans les bibliothèques universitaires. À l’époque, le ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur n’avait pas encore mis en œuvre le dispositif que nous connaissons : cet article s’appuyait sur une expérience menée dans la composante universitaire de la bibliothèque municipale et interuniversitaire de Clermont-Ferrand. Huit années plus tard, le moment est venu de revisiter le concept d’évaluation.

http://bbf.enssib.fr/sdx/BBF/pdf/bbf-2008-3/bbf-2008-03-0069-009.pdf

The Google Dilemma

James Grimmelmann

Essay adapted from talks given at the Horace Mann School on January 30, 2008 and at the New York Law School Faculty Presentation Day on April 2, 2008

Web search is critical to our ability to use the Internet. Whoever controls search engines has enormous influence on all of us. They can shape what we read, who we listen to, who is heard. Whoever controls the search engines, perhaps, controls the Internet itself. Today, no one comes closer to controlling search than Google does. This essay describes ways that individuals, companies, and even governments have tried to shape Google’s results to serve their goals.

http://works.bepress.com/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1018&context=james_grimmelmann

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

International Study on the Impact of Copyright Law on Digital Preservation

The Library of Congress National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program,

The Joint Information Systems Committee, The Open Access to Knowledge (OAK) Law Project,

and The SURFfoundation, July 2008

This study focuses on the copyright and related laws of Australia, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States and the impact of those laws on digital preservation of copyrighted works. It also addresses proposals for legislative reform and efforts to develop non-legislative solutions to the challenges that copyright law presents for digital preservation.

http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/partners/resources/pubs/wipo_digital_preservation_final_report2008.pdf

National Film Board of Canada Digitizing Its Collection

July 11, 2008

The National Film Board of Canada (NFB), Canada's public film producer and distributor, recently launched beta.NFB.ca, a website created to showcase the Film Board's wealth of films, documentaries, animated shorts, trailers, news clips, and other productions found in its 70 year old vaults. here are so far 300 full-length films and clips digitized and ready to view on the website. Furthermore, beta.NFB.ca intends on adding more films every week.

http://beta.nfb.ca/about/

NIH Public Access Policy Does Not Affect U.S. Copyright Law

Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) and the Association of Research Libraries (ARL)

Although it is clear that the NIH Public Access Policy is simply a routine change in the contract between the NIH and funding recipients, the American Association of Publishers (AAP) submitted an opinion letter to NIH suggesting that this change raised copyright issues including U.S. obligations under international copyright agreements. The AAP Opinion Letter is fundamentally flawed and mischaracterizes the relevant facts and law.

http://www.arl.org/sparc/advocacy/nih/response_aap.shtml

ELPUB 2008: Open Scholarship: Authority, Community and Sustainability in the Age of Web 2.0

Toronto, Ontario, June 25 – 27, 2008

The proceedings of the well-attended ELPUB 2008 conference are available from the ELPUB Digital Library. The three-day event began with a full day of technical workshops, followed by two days of presentations that examined a broad range of technical, conceptual, policy, and financial aspects of scholarly communication. A plenary session on funding and access policies for publicly funded research rounded out the program. John Willinsky and Stevan Harnad provided opening and closing keynote addresses respectively. Webcasts of all presentations are available on the conference blog. [Note: access the blog from the ELPUB 2008 homepage.]

http://www.elpub.net/

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

Science in the 21st Century: Science, Society, and Information Technology

Waterloo, Ontario , September 8th-12th 2008

Times are changing. In the earlier days, we used to go to the library, today we search and archive our papers online. We have collaborations per email, hold telephone seminars, organize virtual networks, write blogs, and make our seminars available on the internet. Without any doubt, these technological developments influence the way science is done, and they also redefine our relation to the society we live in. Information exchange and management, the scientific community, and the society as a whole can be thought of as a triangle of relationships, the mutual interactions in which are becoming increasingly important.

http://www.science21stcentury.org/index.html

European Conference on Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries

Aarhus, Denmark, September 14 - 19, 2008

ECDL has become the major European conference on digital libraries and associated technical, practical, and social issues, bringing together researchers, developers, content providers, and users in the field. ECDL2008 will provide an opportunity to present and discuss new research and development in areas supporting an ambition of the Ubiquitous Digital Library, a vision where information can be easily accessed in the user environment and where new objects can be produced by analyzing, processing and combining existing information.

http://www.ecdl2008.org/

Diego Argáez

Research Officer / Agent de recherche

Canadian Association of Research Libraries / Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada

Room / Pièce 238, Pavillon Morisset Hall, 65 University Private

Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9A5

Phone / Téléphone : (613) 562-5800 ext. 2427

Fax / Télécopieur : (613) 562-5297

E-mail / Courriel : ac.awattou|oprlrac#ac.awattou|oprlrac

www.carl-abrc.ca

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