072508

NEWS / NOUVELLES

PubMed Central Submissions Jump Sharply Under New NIH Policy
Library Journal, July 24, 2008

In the months since passage of the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH) mandatory public access policy in late December of 2007, the number of submissions to the National Library of Medicine’s (NLM) PubMed Central (PMC) repository, where authors are now required to deposit their NIH-funded research papers, has risen significantly. According to NIH statistics, submissions to PMC began steadily rising in December 2007, soon after it became clear a mandatory policy would be adopted in 2008. By the first month following passage of the new policy, January 2008, monthly submissions to PMC hit an all-time high of 1255, and have continued to increase significantly every month so far this year.
http://www.libraryjournal.com/info/CA6581624.html?nid=2673#news1

Google Knol Opens to Public
Ashley Phillips
ABC News, July 24, 2008

In a move widely seen as the Silicon Valley behemoth's answer to Wikipedia, this week Google opened Knol, its own user-generated encyclopedia, to the public. Unlike Wikipedia, people who write entries on Google's encyclopedia are identified and could even earn a profit from their articles with ads. The more times the article is viewed, the more an author can get paid. Google, of course, gets a cut of the profits.
http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/AheadoftheCurve/story?id=5441051

Research Data Strategy Working Group: opening new pathways to Canadian research data
July 23, 2008

NRC-CISTI Director General, and Chair of the Research Data Strategy (RDS) Working Group, Pam Bjornson is pleased to announce a collaborative effort to address the challenges and issues surrounding the access and preservation of data arising from Canadian research. The RDS Working Group is a multi-disciplinary group of universities, institutes, libraries, granting agencies, and individual researchers bonded by a shared recognition of the pressing need to deal with Canadian data management issues. The group is focusing on the necessary actions, next steps and leadership roles that researchers and institutions can take to ensure Canada’s research data is accessible and usable for current and future generations of researchers.
http://data-donnees.gc.ca/eng/about/backgrounder.html

NRC Publications Archive: Extending the reach and increasing the impact of NRC research
July 23, 2008

The National Research Council's Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (NRC-CISTI) is pleased to announce an initiative to create an NRC Publications Archive (NPArC). This searchable, web-based archive will provide access to NRC's record of science and demonstrate the many ways NRC researchers translate science and technology into value for Canada.
http://cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/media/press/nparc_e.html

Bell's internet throttling is like reading people's mail, ISPs say
CBC News, July 23, 2008

Bell Canada Inc.'s slowing of internet speeds is the equivalent of the post office opening people's mail and deciding when they should get their letters, a group of small service providers have said in their final volley at the company. The Canadian Association of Internet Providers, a group of 55 companies that rent portions of Bell's network to provide their own broadband services, made its last plea Wednesday to regulators to force Bell to end its speed throttling.
http://www.cbc.ca/technology/story/2008/07/23/tech-caip.html

Government copyright bill runs counter to emphasis on environment
Michael Geist
Ottawa Citizen, July 22, 2008

Canadian politicians entered the summer recess expecting to get an earful about the environment from their constituents. To the surprise of many, the digital environment has joined the physical environment as one of the hot button issues of the summer. Bill C-61 establishes new barriers to the reuse of electronics. Bill C-61 also creates new barriers in the race toward network-based computing, which forms part of the ICT industry's response to the fact that it accounts for more carbon emissions than the airline industry.
http://www.canada.com/ottawacitizen/news/bustech/story.html?id=0ea363f6-f0e0-4a69-9a9f-414e4e65a4cb&p=1

U.S. sees Canada as weak on fighting counterfeiting
Eva Friede
The Gazette, July 22, 2008

Canada is on the U.S. Trade Representative Special Watch List for its lack of proactivity in the fight against counterfeiting, says lawyer Daniel Drapeau. The problems arise from weak laws, said Drapeau, who specializes in intellectual property law at Ogilvy Renault.
http://www.canada.com/montrealgazette/news/arts/story.html?id=a88b839e-bad2-4f32-82ac-4094e032ac48

La plus ancienne Bible consultable en partie dès jeudi sur internet
Agence France-Presse, 21 juillet 2008

Le premier fragment de la plus ancienne des bibles, le «Codex Sinaiticus», ramené d'Egypte par un savant allemand au 19ème siècle puis dispersé dans quatre pays va être consultable dès jeudi sur internet, a indiqué lundi la bibliothèque universitaire de Leipzig (est). Il s'agit d'un «premier pas décisif» dans le projet de présenter d'ici juillet 2009 une reconstitution virtuelle et complète sur internet de l'ensemble du «Codex Sinaiticus», considéré par les experts comme la plus ancienne Bible du monde, indique la bibliothèque dans un communiqué.
http://technaute.cyberpresse.ca/nouvelles/internet/200807/21/01-19302-la-plus-ancienne-bible-consultable-en-partie-des-jeudi-sur-internet.php

B.C. first in Canada to give Google its maps
Marke Andrews
The Vancouver Sun, July 19, 2008

Agriculture and Lands Minister Stan Hagen announced GeoBC, a government organization, will provide 24/7 access to the province's geographic database in partnership with Google. This information will be available online at geobc.gov.bc.ca and from Google Earth. This makes B.C. the first government in Canada to supply Google with access to its information.
http://www.canada.com/vancouversun/news/business/story.html?id=c183fccb-7759-4cf1-89e5-a1007c7ea36d

Textbooks, free and illegal, online
Hiawatha Bray
The Boston Globe, July 18, 2008

Faced with soaring prices for textbooks, cash-strapped students have discovered a tempting, effective, but illicit alternative - pirated electronic books, available for free over the Internet. It's not just textbooks that are being downloaded improperly. A survey in May located about 1,100 titles available illegally online, including novels and books on current events. Textbook piracy is particularly seductive because students are often hard-pressed to pay for academic books that can cost more than $100, three times the price of most other books.
http://www.boston.com/business/articles/2008/07/18/textbooks_free_and_illegal_online/

Research Publications Online: Too Much of A Good Thing?
National Science Foundation, July 17, 2008

The Internet gives scientists and researchers instant access to an astonishing number of academic journals. So what is the impact of having such a wealth of information at their fingertips? The answer, according to new research released in the journal Science, is surprising; scholars are actually citing fewer papers in their own work, and the papers they do cite tend to be more recent publications. This trend may be limiting the creation of new ideas and theories.
http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=111928&org=NSF&from=news

ARTICLES

Retaining Copyright in Journal Articles
CAUT (Canadian Association of University Teachers) Intellectual Property Advisory, July 2008

Digital technology has dramatically expanded the accessibility of academic work. Academic staff, in addition to traditional journal publication, can now distribute their articles to students and colleagues by a myriad of electronic means including email, listservs, web pages, digital repositories and internet journals. Unfortunately, authors who have signed a publication agreement that transfers a work’s copyright to a publisher may not have the right to distribute the work independently in these new ways.
http://www.caut.ca/uploads/IP-Advisory1-en.pdf

À travers l’espace (infini) du web : la mise en espace des collections sur internet
Yves Alix
Bulletin des Bibliothèques de France, 2008, Tome 53, Numéro 4

La mise en espace des collections inclut leur déploiement physique, mais aussi une classification et des catalogues. Sur internet, comment les collections, privées de leur déploiement matériel, apparaissent-elles ? À travers quelques exemples de sites, français et étrangers, l’article décrit les approches possibles et les partis adoptés : mise en scène patrimoniale, expositions et visites virtuelles, rapprochements avec la librairie, catalogues enrichis. La présence future des bibliothèques sur la Toile est incertaine, si elles n’y ont pas d’identité. La mise en espace symbolique des collections peut contribuer à leur donner une visibilité, en tant qu’ensembles organisés du savoir.
http://bbf.enssib.fr/sdx/BBF/pdf/bbf-2008-4/bbf-2008-04-0057-010.pdf

At Libraries, Taking the (Really) Long View
Andy Guess
Inside Higher Ed, July 23, 2008

As libraries shift more of their resources to holdings that either originate as digital or become digital through scanning, it’s become clear that just because something lives in the virtual stacks doesn’t mean it will be around forever. Anyone who’s ever suffered through a hard drive crash (or tried futilely to save a scratched DVD) has faced the inherent physical limitations of digital storage. Now librarians are having to do the same as they determine how digital holdings fit into their central mission: preserving works so that they can be accessed not just today, not just tomorrow, but indefinitely.
http://insidehighered.com/news/2008/07/23/preservation

Electronic Publication and the Narrowing of Science and Scholarship
James A. Evans
Science, Volume 321, July 18, 2008

Online journals promise to serve more information to more dispersed audiences and are more efficiently searched and recalled. However, because they are used differently than print electronically available journals may portend an ironic change for science. Using a database of 34 million articles, their citations (1945 to 2005), and online availability (1998 to 2005), the author suggests that as more journal issues came online, the articles referenced tended to be more recent, fewer journals and articles were cited, and more of those citations were to fewer journals and articles. Searching online is more efficient and following hyperlinks quickly puts researchers in touch with prevailing opinion, but this may accelerate consensus and narrow the range of findings and ideas built upon.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/reprint/sci;321/5887/395.pdf

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Web-based program gives the blind Internet access
Donna Gordon Blankinship
Associated Press, July 16, 2008

Blind people generally use computers with the help of screen-reader software, but those products can cost more than $1,000, so they're not exactly common on public PCs at libraries or Internet cafes. Now a free new Web-based program for the blind aims to improve the situation. It's called WebAnywhere, and it was developed by a computer science graduate student at the University of Washington.
http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/business/1700ap_tec_techbit_blind_web.html

Bill C-61: The Lowdown
Laura J. Murray, July 14, 2008

Professor Laura J. Murray, coauthor of Canadian Copyright: A Citizen’s Guide and proprietor of www.faircopyright.ca, explained the dangers to educational, activist, and artistic practice posed by Bill C-61, the new Copyright Act recently introduced. Laura Murray is an Associate Professor and Undergraduate Chair of the Department of English at Queen’s University. [Note: Download the free RealPlayer to view the webcast and accompanying slides.]
http://streaming.queensu.ca/vmp/copyright/index.html

Toward a Global PhD? Forces and Forms in Doctoral Education Worldwide
Maresi Nerad and Mimi Heggelund
University of Washington Press, 2008

Universities and nations have long recognized the direct contribution of graduate education to the welfare of the economy by meeting a range of research and employment needs. With the burgeoning of a global economy in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, the economic outcome of doctoral education reaches far beyond national borders. Chapter 12 reviews doctoral education in Canada. The book is reviewed in Nature.
http://www.washington.edu/uwpress/search/books/NERTOW.html

Copyright in the Knowledge Economy (Green Paper)
Commission of the European Communities, 2008

The purpose of the paper is to foster a debate on how knowledge for research, science and education can best be disseminated in the online environment. It aims to set out a number of issues connected with the role of copyright in the "knowledge economy" taking into account the perspective of publishers, libraries, educational establishments, museums, archives, researchers, people with a disability and the public at large.
http://ec.europa.eu/internal_market/copyright/docs/copyright-infso/greenpaper_en.pdf

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

The UK e-Science All Hands Meeting (AHM): Crossing Boundaries
Edinburgh, Scotland, September 8 – 11, 2008

This popular and well established conference is now in its seventh year and attracts delegates from many disciplines and organizations, including senior decision makers working in research and IT using advanced computing techniques and technologies. It also attracts distinguished members of the UK academic community and all eight UK Research Councils exhibit at the event.
http://www.allhands.org.uk/2008/conference/venue.cfm

Fall Institute in Digital Libraries and Humanities
Fredericton, New Brunswick, September 25 – 27, 2008

The Electronic Text Centre will be hosting a new Fall mini-series in electronic publishing and digital humanities. The series will feature sessions on digital imaging and data conversion, XML markup, Institutional Repositories (IR), and the Open Journal System (OJS) for journal management. The three day series will feature talks by Atlantic researchers on digital humanities research and projects.
http://www.lib.unb.ca/Texts/index.php?id=1

Diego Argáez
Research Officer / Agent de recherche

Canadian Association of Research Libraries / Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada
Room / Pièce 238, Pavillon Morisset Hall, 65 University Private
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9A5
Phone / Téléphone : (613) 562-5800 ext. 2427
Fax / Télécopieur : (613) 562-5297
E-mail / Courriel : ac.awattou|oprlrac#ac.awattou|oprlrac
www.carl-abrc.ca

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