080509

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l'intention des membres de l'ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants: recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.

CARL COMMUNIQUE / COMMUNQUÉ DE L'ABRC

The Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) is holding a meeting on institutional repositories in conjunction with the Access2008 conference. The meeting will be held from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. on October 1st at the Sheraton Hotel in Hamilton, Ontario.

The purpose of the meeting is to provide an opportunity for those working with IRs to network with colleagues. The meeting will be fairly informal and involve a high level of participation by attendees.

The morning session will be a round table, in which participants describe the activities and challenges of their institution in regards to institutional repositories. The afternoon session will be a discussion of "hot topics", one of which will be an update on Canadian funding agency open access policies. Other hot topics will be determined by participants.

The meeting is free, and open to all those interested in attending. Please email Kathleen Shearer (ac.nortoediv|reraehskm#ac.nortoediv|reraehskm) by September 19th if you plan to attend.

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L’Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada (ABRC) tiendra une réunion sur les dépôts institutionnels concurremment avec la conférence Access2008. La réunion aura lieu de 9 h à 6 h le 1er octobre à l’hôtel Sheraton à Hamilton, Ontario.

Le but de la réunion est de fournir à ceux qui sont impliqués dans le développement des DI de se faire partie des réseaux avec des collègues. La rencontre sera informelle et interactive.

La session du matin sera une table ronde pendant laquelle les participants définiront les défis et les opportunités à leurs institutions à l'égard des dépôts institutionnels. La session de l’après-midi sera une discussion de sujets «brulants d’actualité», dont une mise à jour des politiques des organismes subventionnaires par rapport au libre accès. Le groupe des participants déterminera d’autres sujets à discuter.

La réunion est gratuite et ouverte à tous ceux qui sont intéressés à participer. Veuillez S.V.P. contacter Kathleen Shearer (ac.nortoediv|reraehskm#ac.nortoediv|reraehskm) au plus tard le 19 septembre si vous voulez y participer.

NEWS / NOUVELLES

Medical Wiki Backed by Prominent Colleges Will Go Live by Year's End
Maria José Viñas
The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 5, 2008

Medpedia, a new online medical encyclopedia to be written and edited by a collaborative group of thousands, with support from several leading medical schools, is calling for volunteers. But not everyone will be accepted. Only those who hold an M.D. or Ph.D. in a biomedical field need apply. That is one way in which the ambitious project, which plans to go live by the end of this year, hopes to set itself apart from existing medical Web sites.
http://chronicle.com/free/v55/i02/02a01702.htm?utm_source=at&utm_medium=en

You own those documents? So you think
Loren Steffy
Houston Chronicle, September 4, 2008

Google Docs is a free service that works much like a word processor, except the documents are stored online and can be accessed from anywhere. Because of its flexibility, it's becoming the Internet's Next Big Thing. But the technological promise has a dark lining: once you put your data — or notes or story drafts — on a cloud, they're not really yours anymore. Many companies consider data on their server to be theirs, even if it's data about someone else. Medical marketing companies, for example, routinely collect prescription drug data from pharmacies and sell it. It's not our data, it's merely data about us that may reveal our private medical conditions.
http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/business/steffy/5984591.html

A Cat-and-Mouse Tale of Textbook Piracy Continues
Jeffrey R. Young
The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 4, 2008

A college student out there somewhere on the Internet has been facing off against textbook publishers in recent months, with both sides claiming the moral high ground in the latest phase of illegal file sharing on campus. The student calls himself Geekman (he refuses to give his real name or location for fear of legal action against him), and he runs a directory of online books called Textbook Torrents. Ever since The Chronicle first wrote about the site, publishers have taken steps to enforce their copyrights and keep the site from encouraging the trading of their books.
http://chronicle.com/wiredcampus/index.php?id=3292&utm_source=wc&utm_medium=en

JHOVE and the Development of JHOVE2
The Library of Congress, September 4, 2008

In late 2003, engineers at Harvard University Library and JSTOR developed an open-source tool called JHOVE (the JSTOR/Harvard Object Validation Environment) to validate file formats. JHOVE was designed to process a digital object and determine what the object claims to be (identification), if the object conforms to requirements (validation) and the properties of the object (characterization). When JHOVE finds a file that it cannot validate, it flags the file. Though the process is automated, only a human can decide whether to accept the file as is or try to get a better version.
http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/news/2008/20080902news_article_JHOVE2.html

Contentious copyright bill would die with election
David Akin
National Post, September 2, 2008

Made-in-Canada copyright legislation is among the bills that will die if Prime Minister Stephen Harper goes ahead with a widely expected election call at the end of this week, a prospect that bitterly disappoints many artists. It will be the second time in as many governments that copyright legislation designed for the era of the iPod has died on the order paper at the dissolution of Parliament. The Liberals had tabled copyright legislation in 2005 but it was killed when they lost power in early 2006.
http://www.nationalpost.com/news/canada/story.html?id=764309

Library and Archives Canada: A Core Partner of the Open Library Environment (OLE) Project
September 2, 2008

Library and Archives Canada (LAC) is pleased to announce that it is participating in the Open Library Environment (OLE) Project joining other core partners, with Duke University as the project lead. With funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the OLE Project will develop a design document for a next-generation open-source library automation system that fits modern expectations for library workflows and is built on a modern service-oriented architecture. This library system will be able to meet the changing and complex needs of modern libraries and library users. The small group of core partners will be highly involved in all phases of the project, by participating in all the activities, by engaging other members of the library community in planning activities and by writing the final project design document.
http://www.librarytechnology.org/ltg-displayarticle.pl?RC=13516

Chrome : un pas de plus vers le tout-Google
Estelle Dumout
Le Monde, 3 septembre 2008

Jusqu'à présent, le marché des navigateurs était dominé par Internet Explorer (IE), de Microsoft. Sa part de marché, qui oscille entre 70 et 90 % selon les régions, a été bâtie sur le fait qu'IE était pré-installé sur Windows. Depuis quatre ou cinq ans, on a vu arriver un concurrent assez sérieux en la personne de Firefox. Ce navigateur a une autre philosophie qui est celle du logiciel libre. D'autres navigateurs existent, comme Safari d'Apple, Opéra, etc. Mais leurs parts de marché sont réduites. Google, avec Chrome, arrive dans ce contexte avec l'envie de bousculer le marché. Pour Google, le navigateur, c'est la porte d'entrée vers Internet et vers ce que l'utilisateur y fait concrètement. C'est une position très stratégique et un changement de perspective.
http://www.lemonde.fr/technologies/article/2008/09/03/avec-chrome-google-veut-bousculer-le-marche_1091134_651865.html#ens_id=1091143

First Open Access Day to be held October 14, 2008
August 28, 2008

SPARC (the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition), the Public Library of Science (PLoS), and Students for FreeCulture have jointly announced the first international Open Access Day. Building on the worldwide momentum toward Open Access to publicly funded research, Open Access Day will create a key opportunity for the higher education community and the general public to understand more clearly the opportunities of wider access and use of content. Open Access Day will invite researchers, educators, librarians, students, and the public to participate in live, worldwide broadcasts of events. In North America, events will be held at 7:00 PM (Eastern) and 7:00 PM (Pacific).
http://www.arl.org/sparc/media/08-0828.shtml

ARTICLES

Towards a Data Sharing Culture: Recommendations for Leadership from Academic Health Centers
Heather A. Piwowar et al
PloS Medicine, Volume 5, Issue 9, September 2008

Sharing biomedical research and health care data is important but difficult. Recognizing this, many initiatives facilitate, fund, request, or require researchers to share their data. These initiatives address the technical aspects of data sharing, but rarely focus on incentives for key stakeholders. Academic health centers (AHCs) have a critical role in enabling, encouraging, and rewarding data sharing. The leaders of medical schools and academic-affiliated hospitals can play a unique role in supporting this transformation of the research enterprise. The authors propose that AHCs can and should lead the transition towards a culture of biomedical data sharing.
http://medicine.plosjournals.org/archive/1549-1676/5/9/pdf/10.1371_journal.pmed.0050183-L.pdf

Evolution to Revolution to Chaos? Reference in Transition
Stephen Abram
Searcher, Volume 16, Number 8, September 2008

It cannot be denied that our reference stats are down, though this is not the case with our research requests, training activities, and one-on-one contact with clients. In the academic and college space, change is moving apace with e-learning and learning commons initiatives growing and major technologies expanding, such as OpenURL, federated search, portals and portlets, APIs, and more innovation in user experiences aimed at learning and research missions. Reference and research services, the front line of library service, are dealing with a far-less-predictable future. The fate of reference has come into clearer focus in Web 2.0/Library 2.0 discussions and debates. The emphasis has moved from understanding and learning the technology to understanding end-user behaviors in context.
http://www.infotoday.com/searcher/sep08/Abram.shtml

Lines and Bubbles and Bars, Oh My! New Ways to Sift Data
Anne Eisenberg
The New York Times, August 30, 2008

At an experimental Web site, Many Eyes, (www.many-eyes.com), users can upload the data they want to visualize, then try sophisticated tools to generate interactive displays. The site was created by scientists at the Watson Research Center of I.B.M. in Cambridge, Mass., to help people publish and discuss graphics in a group. Those who register at the site can comment on one another’s work, perhaps visualizing the same information with different tools and discovering unexpected patterns in the data.
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/31/technology/31novel.html?th&emc=th

What Google's New Encyclopedia Means for Students and Professors
Andrea L. Foster
The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 5, 2008

When college students begin researching Margaret Mead, Einstein's theory of relativity, Marxism, or any other weighty topic, their first stop is often Wikipedia, the online encyclopedia created by the masses. So in July, when Google unveiled Knol, another Web-based collection of user-generated articles that the company calls "authoritative," the question for faculty members - many of whom are not fond of Wikipedia as a research tool - was whether students might begin to turn to this new source. The answer from those who study online encyclopedias is, Not likely.
http://chronicle.com/free/v55/i02/02a01701.htm?utm_source=at&utm_medium=en

Next Steps for E-Texts
Andy Guess
Inside Higher Ed, August 26, 2008

Predicting when e-textbooks will become a viable alternative to the dead-tree variety churned from printing presses to millions of college students a year is a bit like asking whether newspapers will give way to the Internet. Everyone thinks they will, but it’s a question of when, and what the new paradigm will look like.
http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2008/08/26/etextbooks

Versioning in Repositories: Implementing Best Practice
Jenny Brace
Ariadne, Issue 56, July 2008

Until recently, there has not been a huge amount of time dedicated to versioning issues, but we do know it is a recognized problem. In the Version Identification Framework (VIF) survey carried out in autumn of 2007, only 5% of academics and 6.5% of information professionals surveyed found it easy to identify versions of digital objects within institutional repositories. Across multiple repositories the figures were only 1.8% of academics and 1.1% of information professionals. Moreover, a third of information professionals who work with repositories stated that they either have no system currently in place or ‘don’t know’ how they deal with versioning at present.
http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue56/brace/

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Big Data
Nature, Volume 455 Number, 7209, September 4, 2008

Researchers need to adapt their institutions and practices in response to torrents of new data — and need to complement smart science with smart searching. The Internet search firm Google was incorporated just 10 years ago this week. Going from a collection of donated servers housed under a desk to a global network of dedicated data centres processing information by the petabyte, Google's growth mirrors that of the production and exploration of data in research. All of which makes this an apt moment for this special issue of Nature, which examines what big data sets mean for contemporary science.
http://www.nature.com/news/specials/bigdata/index.html

L'Economie de l'attention
Eric Scherer
Agence France Presse MediaWatch , Printemps / Eté 2008

Les vagues de la révolution numérique continuent de déferler, rapides, continues, imprévisibles. A ce rythme, même les “challengers”, comme Yahoo!, deviennent vite des “defenders”. Des vagues abruptes, d’une puissance inouïe, qui brisent les modèles d’affaires, détruisent de la valeur, chamboulent les oligopoles, bouleversent l’activité marchande, effacent les frontières, emportent les certitudes, noient sous un flot grandissant d’informations. Qui l’emportera ? Contenu ou mise en relation? Gratuit ou payant? « Old media ou new media »? Les Anciens ou les Modernes? Personne ne sait, bien sûr.
http://mediawatch.afp.com/public/AFP-MediaWatch_Printemps-Ete_2008.pdf

Managing Electronic Resources: New and Changing Roles for Libraries
Peter Webster
Chandos Publishing (Oxford) , September 2008

The ongoing movement to electronic collections presents many exciting new service opportunities for libraries, as well as creating materials management, resource, and service challenges. This book looks at how online resources are causing the roles and practices of libraries to change. The book is aimed at librarians, library policy makers’ and students, as well as e-content and service vendors, and everyone who are interested in the developing electronic content environment, the changes it is bringing about in library practice.
http://www.chandospublishing.com/chandos_publishing_record_detail.php?ID=186

The International Survey of Library & Museum Digitization Projects
Primary Research Group, 2008

The International Survey of Library & Museum Digitization Projects presents detailed data about the management and development of a broad range of library special collection and museum digitization projects. Data is broken out by type of digitization project (ie text, photograph, film, audio, etc) size and type of institution,
annual spending on digitization and other variables. The report presents data and narrative on staffing, training, funding, technology selection, outsourcing, permissions and copyright clearance, cataloging, digital asset management, software and applications selection, marketing and many other issues of interest to libraries and museums that are digitizing aspects of their collections.
http://www.primaryresearch.com/200808181-Libraries--Special-Collections.html

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

Collaborative Library Resource Sharing: Standards, Developments, and New Models for Cooperating a NISO Educational Forum
Atlanta, Georgia, October 6 – 7, 2008

Not every institution can have every journal, book, film or resource. Increasingly, many institutions are running out of space for the materials that they do have. Also, the costs for collecting, managing, and preserving these materials are constantly increasing. Institutions are finding new ways to share their resources and work collaboratively to meet the needs of the user community. This meeting will engage participants to explore areas where collaborative effort and standards can help improve library efficiency through resource sharing. This includes the area of interlibrary loan, physical resource management, collaborative storage and preservation, and related open source developments.
http://www.niso.org/news/events/2008/resshar08/

DRAMBORA Auditors' Training
Prague, Czech Republic, October 13 – 17, 2008

Based on practical research and developed jointly by the DigitalPreservationEurope (DPE) and Digital Curation Centre (DCC), the Digital Repository Audit Method Based on Risk Assessment (DRAMBORA) provides a methodology for self-assessment of digital preservation repositories. The toolkit, now available as an interactive online audit tool (http://www.repositoryaudit.eu), has been evaluated and applied across a diverse range of organisations, such as national libraries, scientific data centres and archives. DPE is organizing a series of training courses to train new DRAMBORA auditors. The first of these will be held in association with the Wepreserve training event in Prague, in October 2008.
http://www.repositoryaudit.eu/training/prague-2008/

The 14th International Conference on Virtual Systems and Multimedia: Digital Heritage: Our Hi-tech-STORY for the Future
Limassol, Cyprus, October 20 – 26, 2008

The main goal of the event is to illustrate the programs underway, whether organized by public bodies (e.g. UNESCO, European Union, National States, etc.) or by private foundations (e.g. Getty Foundation, World Heritage Foundation, etc.) in order to promote a common approach to the tasks of recording, documenting, protecting and managing world cultural heritage. The 14th VSMM Conference will definitely be a forum for sharing views and experiences, discussing proposals for the optimum attitude as well as the best practice and the ideal technical tools to preserve, document, manage, present/visualize and disseminate cultural heritage.
http://www.vsmm2008.org/

Scholarly Communication Outreach: Crafting Messages that Grab Faculty Attention
Seattle, Washington, March 11 – 12, 2008

Are you already working with faculty and researchers on your campus for change? Do you want to develop a deeper understanding of how scholars’ communication practices are changing and how the landscape appears to them? Librarians supporting scholarly-communication programs want to know how to identify issues that will resonate with faculty at their institutions and how to present those issues in ways that generate positive engagement with faculty. In the tradition of other Institute events, this workshop will emphasize active learning and hands-on work by participants, both individually and in groups.
http://www.arl.org/sc/institute/inst-events/0309workshop.shtml

Diego Argáez
Research Officer / Agent de recherche

Canadian Association of Research Libraries / Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada
Room / Pièce 238, Pavillon Morisset Hall, 65 University Private
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9A5
Phone / Téléphone : (613) 562-5800 ext. 2427
Fax / Télécopieur : (613) 562-5297
E-mail / Courriel : ac.awattou|oprlrac#ac.awattou|oprlrac
www.carl-abrc.ca

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