081508

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l'intention des membres de l'ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants: recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.

NEWS / NOUVELLES

Funding for higher education sector declines for the first time since 1998
RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 22, Number 13, August 14, 2008

The era of dramatic funding increases in higher education R&D appear to be over. Federal support declined 2.2% in 2006-07 to $2.487 billion — a drop that is even more pronounced
(-4.4%) when measured in 2002 constant dollars. This isn't the first time federal support has declined. The most recent decrease calls into question the S&T Strategy's commitment to "maintain Canada's G-7 leadership in public R&D performance". Funding increases to the granting councils and the Indirect Cost of Research program have been less than requested and the $510-million commitment to the Canada Foundation for Innovation in Budget 2007 allows that organization to hold one major competition with no indication that future funding is forthcoming.

Copyright law may be stillborn
Sarah Schmidt
National Post, August 13, 2008

New technologies aimed at making it easier for consumers to store digital files will run afoul of the federal government's new copyright legislation, causing experts to question whether the bill will be obsolete before it is passed into law. Bell, for example, is promoting a new product for archiving recorded television shows that would be illegal under the proposed law.
http://www.nationalpost.com/news/canada/story.html?id=720773

Canada must protect creativity
Times Colonist
August 11, 2008

Every Canadian should have the right to offer input on the federal government's contribution to a sweeping international agreement on intellectual property rights. Yet according to University of Ottawa law professor Michael Geist, who obtained documents under the Access to Information Act, the federal government is so far restricting input to a group of insiders representing select industries and lobby groups.
http://www.canada.com/victoriatimescolonist/news/comment/story.html?id=fe6f0b13-791e-4332-9885-4939142ece22

Government of Canada Welcomes New Mapping Data on Canada's North
Natural Resources Canada, August 8, 2008

The Honourable Gary Lunn, Minister of Natural Resources, today announced that Canada has completed an important step in mapping Canada's Arctic's undersea continental shelf. Canada's Government made mapping of the Arctic a national priority in both the Speech from the Throne and Budget 2008. Canadian researchers have been conducting surveys and collecting geological data about the extent of the continental shelf to extend Canada's territory beyond the currently recognized limit of 200 nautical miles (370 kilometres), potentially adding up to 1.75 million square kilometres – an area about the size of the Prairie Provinces.
http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/media/newcom/2008/200856-eng.php

Open Library Environment (OLE) Project
August 4, 2008

With support from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Open Library Environment (OLE) Project will convene the academic library community in the design of an Open Library Management System built on Service Oriented Architecture. The project leaders are a multi-national group of libraries dedicated to thinking beyond the current model of an Integrated Library System and to designing a new system that is flexible, customizable and able to meet the changing and complex needs of modern, dynamic academic libraries.
http://oleproject.org/

HEFCE announces new chair of JISC
August 4, 2008

Professor Sir Timothy O'Shea, Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Edinburgh, has been appointed to succeed Professor Sir Ron Cooke as the new chair of JISC from 1 January 2009. The appointment was announced today by the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE), on behalf of the UK funding bodies. Professor O’Shea is a graduate of the Universities of Sussex and Leeds. He has worked in the United States and for the Open University (OU). At the OU he founded the Computer Assisted Learning Research Group and worked on a range of educational technology research and development projects.
http://www.jisc.ac.uk/Home/news/stories/2008/08/chair.aspx

Gutless and Green Computing
Jack Stripling
Inside Higher Ed, August 1, 2008

With energy costs climbing, a Jesuit university is pulling the plug on some of its computers. Rockhurst University, in Kansas City, Mo. is getting rid of many of its traditional desktops, opting instead for bare bones units that rely upon servers to do most of the processing work. In so doing, Rockhurst officials expect to reduce computer-related energy costs by up to 90 percent.
http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2008/08/01/rockhurst

NASA opens up space image library
Clement James
vnunet.com, July 25, 2008

NASA is to make its huge collection of historic photographs, film and video available to the public for the first time. A partnership with the non-profit Internet Archive will see 21 major NASA imagery collections merged into a single searchable online resource. The launch is the first step in a five-year partnership that will add millions of images and thousands of hours of video and audio content, with enhanced search and viewing capabilities and new user features.
http://www.vnunet.com/vnunet/news/2222549/nasa-opens-space-library

Graduate Professional Certificate in Library Sector Leadership at the University of Victoria
July 18, 2008

The Graduate Professional Certificate in Library Sector Leadership is designed to strengthen the capacity of librarians to serve in management and leadership roles in Canada’s public, private, and government libraries. The program has been developed in partnership with leaders in the University of Victoria Library. It is designed to meet ongoing demands from professional librarians for comprehensive training in management, leadership and business skills.
http://publicadmin.uvic.ca/gradcerts/library.htm

ARTICLES

International S&T collaboration gaining traction: ISTPCanada punches above its weight with successful first year
RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 22, Number 13, August 14, 2008

A modestly funded program designed to stimulate bilateral R&D collaboration between Canada and several other nations is opening up a huge range of possibilities that could prompt the federal government to move aggressively on its Global Innovation Strategy (GIS). After little more than one year of operation, International Science and Technology Partnerships Canada (ISTPCanada) has processed several high-quality projects with India and China and forged a wide range of partnerships within Canada, exacting a degree of influence far beyond its original funding capacity.

What is the real return on our research investments in universities?
Adam Holbrook
RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 22, Number 13, August 14, 2008

Federal labs and universities are being asked to estimate the financial value of their results. No less an authority than the Clerk of the Privy Council has asked universities, in particular, to show increased commercialization of their funded research and the consequent return on these investments. Clear functional separation of research activities is now being eroded by the push for commercialization. While it is useful for all three parties to have strong interactions with each other, and to exchange researchers and projects among themselves, the basic strength of the current system is that it assigns clear R&D mandates and responsibilities to each sector.

New copyright bill affects universities and students
Nick Taylor-Vaisey
University Affairs, August-September, 2008

Many mainstream commentators voiced opposition to the reforms to Canada’s Copyright Act, focusing on how it affects the public’s ability to download movies and music. Reaction from the business community and entertainment industry was mixed, while reaction from the education community was largely left off the front pages. Nonetheless, there are important implications for universities and colleges in C-61.
http://www.universityaffairs.ca/issues/2008/aug-sept/new_copyright_bill_01.html

Moins d’argent par étudiant
Léo Charbonneau
Affaires universitaires, août-septembre, 2008

Selon un rapport de l’AUCC, la qualité de l’enseignement et de la recherche pourrait tôt ou tard en souffrir. Sans vouloir nécessairement réclamer plus d’argent, l’Association des universités et collèges du Canada (AUCC) plaide pour une augmentation des revenus des universités canadiennes dans le troisième et dernier volume de son rapport intitulé Tendances dans le milieu universitaire.
http://www.affairesuniversitaires.ca/Francais/issues/2008/aout-sept/moins_dargent_etudiant_01.html

Free Your Search with Open Source
Karen Coombs
Library Journal, July 15, 2008

While open source federated search tools are free of cost, this is the least of their several advantages. Built-in application programming interfaces (APIs), highly customizable interfaces, speedy return of search results, and the ability to participate in the development process are all potential benefits, though they also require staff time and effort to customize and configure successfully. In order to make the best decision, librarians should take the time to compare the features, functionality, and costs of open source products with their commercial cousins to choose the tool that best meets their needs.
http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6571319.html?nid=2671&source=link&rid=490036441

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Podcast: Beyond the Google Generation report – next steps
Joint Information Systems Committee, August 11, 2008

The Google Generation made a major impact when it was published in January of this year. In this podcast interview one of its authors Ian Rowlands of University College London talks to Philip Pothen from JISC about some of the implications of the report, while Rachel Bruce, JISC programme director, gives her views on the report and possible next steps.
http://www.jisc.ac.uk/Home/news/stories/2008/08/podcast53ianrowlandsrachelbruce.aspx

ERIC Redesigns Web Site; Adds Expanded Help, New Information
August 3, 2008

Education Resources Information Centre (ERIC) announces the release of a new Web site structure and design at www.eric.ed.gov. The new ERIC Web site features several enhancements that will make the experience of using the site easier and faster for individual researchers, along with improvements to aid librarians in supporting ERIC users. These enhancements include improved navigation, expanded help and training, an information area for librarians, and a lighter visual design.
http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/resources/html/news/eric_news_57.html

Investigating Data Management Practices in Australian Universities
Margaret Henty et al
Australian Partnership for Sustainable Repositories (APSR), July 2008

Universities around the world are experiencing an increasing emphasis on the need for effective data management and stewardship to underpin the changing research environment, as research becomes more dependent on data in digital form and computers and networks proliferate. Data is valuable from the moment of creation, not to mention expensive to collect, so there is no point in duplicating its collection. It might also be unique, representing a snapshot in time or space and therefore impossible to replicate. Data can be re-used, sometimes for purposes not originally dreamt of, and it can be re-analyzed, either to check original results or to take advantage of new analytical techniques. There is increasing pressure to ensure that data should not go to waste, and for universities to develop the infrastructure needed to care for this invaluable resource.
http://www.apsr.edu.au/orca/investigating_data_management.pdf

Fostering Learning in the Networked World: The Cyberlearning Opportunity and Challenge
Report of the NSF Task Force on Cyberlearning, June 24, 2008

To address the global problems of war and peace, economics, poverty, health, and the environment, we need a world citizenry with ready access to knowledge about science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM); social, behavioral, and economic sciences; and the humanities. While technology cannot solve all the world’s educational challenges and crises, it has the potential to broaden educational opportunities, improve public understanding, and strengthen learning in classrooms and beyond.
http://www.nsf.gov/pubs/2008/nsf08204/nsf08204.pdf

The Hyperlinked Society: Questioning Connections in the Digital Age
Joseph Turow and Lokman Tsui, Editors
The University of Michigan Press, 2008

About the book: “Links are among the most basic-and most unexamined-features of online life. Bringing together a prominent array of thinkers from industry and the academy, The Hyperlinked Society addresses a provocative series of questions about the ways in which hyperlinks organize behavior online.”
http://www.press.umich.edu/titleDetailDesc.do?id=297291

Scholarly Publishing Initiatives: 2007 Annual Report
Donald J. Waters and Joseph S. Meisel
The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation – Program Essays, April 2008

In 2007, the Scholarly Communications and Research University and Humanistic Scholarship programs collaborated in launching two new initiatives in the area of scholarly publishing, one aimed at increasing the capacity of university presses to publish first books by junior scholars in fields where publication opportunities have become constrained, the other at strengthening the substantive relationship between university presses and their home institutions. This essay is intended to provide some background by focusing on the factors that prompted staff to direct Foundation resources in these particular ways.
http://www.mellon.org/news_publications/annual-reports-essays/presidents-essays/scholarly-publishing-initiatives/

Fair dealing after CCH
Giuseppina D'Agostino
Canadian Heritage, Copyright Policy Branch, June 2007

As a result of the March 4, 2004 Supreme Court of Canada decision in CCH Canadian Ltd v Law Society of Upper Canada for the first time in Canadian copyright history, the court determined that Canadian law must recognize a “user right” to carry on exceptions generally and fair dealing in particular. Whereas the notion of exceptions before this decision was premised on a narrow interpretation of the scope of the exceptions, the Supreme Court has raised what was a narrow exception to the level of general principle. [Note: An updated version will also be published by the McGill Law Journal in 2008: “Healing Fair Dealing? A comparative copyright analysis of Canadian fair dealing to UK fair dealing and US fair use”.]
http://www.pch.gc.ca/progs/ac-ca/progs/pda-cpb/pubs/cch-2007/CCH-2007_e.pdf

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

iPRES 2008: The Fifth International Conference on Preservation of Digital Objects
London, United Kingdom, September 29 – 30

The British Library will host this year's International Conference on Preservation of Digital Objects (iPRES 2008) at its Conference Centre in St Pancras, London. iPRES 2008 is the fifth in the series of annual international conferences which bring together researchers and practitioners from around the world to explore the latest trends, innovations, thinking, and practice in digital preservation.
http://www.bl.uk/ipres2008/index.html

Reinventing Science Librarianship, an ARL/CNI Forum
Arlington, Virginia, October 16-17, 2008

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) and the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI) are cosponsoring a forum on "Reinventing Science Librarianship: Models for the Future," to be held Thursday and Friday, October 16 and 17, 2008, following the 153rd ARL Membership Meeting, at the Ritz-Carlton, Pentagon City, in Arlington, Virginia. The forum organizers hope to broaden the understanding of trends in scientific research as well as support leadership in applying these trends in the development of new library roles. The program will highlight a few case studies of different scales to illustrate new, emerging models of library support.
http://www.arl.org/events/fallforum/forum08/index.shtml

Diego Argáez
Research Officer / Agent de recherche

Canadian Association of Research Libraries / Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada
Room / Pièce 238, Pavillon Morisset Hall, 65 University Private
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9A5
Phone / Téléphone : (613) 562-5800 ext. 2427
Fax / Télécopieur : (613) 562-5297
E-mail / Courriel : ac.awattou|oprlrac#ac.awattou|oprlrac
www.carl-abrc.ca

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