082208

E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l'intention des membres de l'ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants: recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.

CARL COMMUNIQUE / COMMUNIQUÉ DE L’ABRC

The Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) gave its pre-budget submission to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance on August 15, 2008.
http://www.carl-abrc.ca/projects/finance/pdf/brief_2008-e.pdf

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L’Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada (ABRC) a donné son mémoire pré budgétaire au Comité des finances de la Chambre des communes le 15 août 2008.
http://www.carl-abrc.ca/projects/finance/pdf/brief_2008-e.pdf (en anglais)

NEWS / NOUVELLES

Max Planck Society to Fund Publication in Public Library of Science Journals
Library Journal, August 21, 2008

Germany’s prestigious Max Planck Society (MPS) this week announced an agreement with the Public Library of Science (PLoS) to cover the publication fees of MPS-affiliated scientists who wish to publish in PLoS journals. Under the deal, which applies to articles submitted after July 1 of this year, MPS will pay the full author processing charges from MPS’s central funding.
http://www.libraryjournal.com/info/CA6589480.html?nid=2673#news3

Better access to scientific articles on EU-funded research: European Commission launches online pilot project
August 20, 2008

The European Commission wants to ensure that the results of the research it funds under the EU's 7th Research Framework Programme (FP7) with more than € 50 billion from 2007 - 2013 are disseminated as widely and effectively as possible to guarantee maximum exploitation and impact in the world of researchers and beyond. The Commission launched a pilot project that will give unrestricted online access to EU-funded research results, primarily research articles published in peer reviewed journals, after an embargo period of between 6 and 12 months. The pilot will cover around 20% of the FP7 programme budget in areas such as health, energy, environment, social sciences and information and communication technologies.
http://europa.eu/rapid/pressReleasesAction.do?reference=IP/08/1262&format=HTML&aged=0&language=EN&guiLanguage=en

PubMed Now Indexes Videos of Experiments and Protocols in Life Sciences
Maria José Viñas
The Chronicle of Higher Education, August 20, 2008

PubMed Central, the National Library of Medicine’s online database, is now indexing videos from The Journal of Visualized Experiments. According to the publication’s official blog, JoVE is “the first video-journal to ever be accepted for publication in PubMed.” The online, open-access journal publishes videos of experiments and protocols in the biological and life sciences and offers its video-articles to science bloggers to illustrate their posts.
http://chronicle.com/wiredcampus/article/3260/pubmed-now-indexes-videos-of-experiments-and-protocols-in-life-sciences?utm_source=at&utm_medium=en

Copyright shifts format
Globe and Mail, August 18, 2008

The federal government's current attempt to adapt copyright to the Internet age, Bill C-61, makes a sound distinction between private copying and distribution, though further deliberation is needed on where to draw this line. But the bill should also have taken on the perplexities of "fair dealing" and "moral rights. Perhaps the Conservatives do not seriously expect Bill C-61 to pass in this apparently moribund Parliament. Jim Prentice, the Minister of Industry, has promised a consultation in the fall. It would have made more sense to do this before the bill was introduced in June. Even so, House of Commons and Senate committees may also examine it.
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/LAC.20080818.ECOPYRIGHT18/TPStory/Comment

Cyber-campagne contre les changements à la Loi sur le droit d'auteur
La Presse Canadienne, 18 août 2008

Les adversaires des changements projetés par le gouvernement Harper à la Loi sur le droit d'auteur ont lancé une cyber-campagne pour combattre le projet de loi controversé. Tous les moyens sont bons - Facebook, YouTube, Wikipédia, blogues personnels - pour faire passer leur message. Ils veulent que le gouvernement abandonne son projet de loi C-61, ou y apporte d'importantes modifications quand le Parlement reprendra ses travaux, le mois prochain.
http://technaute.cyberpresse.ca/nouvelles/internet/200808/18/01-19712-cyber-campagne-contre-les-changements-a-la-loi-sur-le-droit-dauteur.php

Free digital texts begin to challenge costly college textbooks in California
Gale Holland
Los Angeles Times, August 18

The annual college textbook rush starts this month, a time of reckoning for many students who will struggle to cover eye-popping costs of $128, $156, even $198 a volume. Caltech economics professor R. Preston McAfee finds it annoying that students and faculty haven't looked harder for alternatives to the exorbitant prices. McAfee wrote a well-regarded open-source economics textbook and gave it away - online. But although the text, released in 2007, has been adopted at several prestigious colleges, including Harvard and Claremont-McKenna, it has yet to make a dent in the wider textbook market.
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/california/la-me-textbook18-2008aug18,0,5613261,full.story

New Canadian Voice in Digital Rights Issues: Online Rights Canada | Digital Copyright Canada
August 16, 2008

Online Rights Canada (ORC) launched in Canada Friday, giving Canadians a new voice in critical technology and information policy issues. The grassroots organization is jointly supported by the Canadian Internet Policy & Public Interest Clinic (CIPPIC) and the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF).
http://news-14.blogspot.com/2008/08/new-canadian-voice-in-digital-rights.html

NRC-CISTI launches NRC Publications Archive initiative
August 15, 2008

The National Research Council's Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (NRC-CISTI) has announced an initiative to create an NRC Publications Archive (NPArC). This searchable, web-based archive will provide access to NRC's record of science and demonstrate the many ways NRC researchers translate science and technology into value for Canada.
http://www.researchinformation.info/news/news_story.php?news_id=361

Taylor & Francis to deposit NIH-funded articles into PubMed Central
August 15, 2008

Academic publisher Taylor & Francis, UK, has announced that it will deposit into PubMed Central (PMC) author manuscripts on behalf of Taylor & Francis, Routledge and Psychology Press authors reporting NIH funded research. This service is offered as part of Taylor & Francis’ new 2008 deposit agreement with the NIH.
http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/iopenaccess_nih.asp

ARTICLES

Fair dealing missing under rules of new copyright law
Rory McGreal
Edmonton Journal, August 19, 2008

The new proposed federal copyright legislation Bill C-61 is creating controversy across Canada. Rather than pursuing the infringers, the proposed new Bill C-61 will have profound negative effects on researchers and educators as well as the general public, preventing them from exercising their historical rights. We need to balance these rights rather than skew them in one direction. Schools, colleges and universities have an interest in protecting copyright as creators of intellectual and creative content and also in fair dealing as researchers and teachers.
http://www.canada.com/edmontonjournal/news/opinion/story.html?id=3422a65e-6b34-4b41-b9fe-8308b9775e4b

Will Colleges Friend Facebook?
Andy Guess
Inside Higher Ed, August 19, 2008

As colleges have worked over the years to solidify their Web 2.0 presence and reach out to students where they’re most likely to congregate online, there’s often a glaring omission from their overall Internet strategies: social networks. That’s not so much an oversight as a hesitation, with many institutions still debating whether to adopt social networking capabilities of their own or grit their teeth and take the plunge into Facebook, with all the messiness and potential privacy concerns that implies.
http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2008/08/19/facebook

A Network for Graduate Students
John Fischman
The Chronicle of Higher Education, August 15, 2008

The Graduate Junction "does not aim to be a social-networking site," says Mr. Colgate, a graduate student in chemistry at the University of Durham, in Britain. It is intended to solve a problem facing early-career researchers: They can't find others who share their academic interests.
http://chronicle.com/free/v54/i49/49a01001.htm

reCAPTCHA: Human-Based Character Recognition via Web Security Measures
Luis von Ahn et al
Science, August 14, 2008

CAPTCHAs (Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart) are widespread security measures in the World Wide Web that prevent automated programs from abusing online services. They do so by asking humans to perform a task that computers cannot yet perform, such as deciphering distorted characters. This paper explored whether such human effort can be channeled into a useful purpose: helping to digitize old printed material by asking users to decipher scanned words from books that computerized optical character recognition (OCR) failed to recognize. This method can be used to transcribe text with word accuracy over 99%, matching the guarantee of professional human transcribers.
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/rapidpdf/1160379v1.pdf

Library and Archives Canada: Towards a Trusted Digital Repository
Pam Armstrong
Proceedings from the World Library and Information Congress: 74th IFLA General Conference and Council, 10-14 August 2008, Quebec, Canada

The Library and Archives Canada, legislated to be the enduring memory of the nation, is committed to becoming a Trusted Digital Repository, to provide reliable and long term access to the digital documentary heritage of Canada. Library and Archives Canada is working collaboratively with the Government of Canada, Canadian publishers, Canadian digital initiatives and the international domain. This paper provides a corporate overview of the development of the institution’s digital preservation infrastructure, an external view of collaboration with creators and national partners and a national strategic view of the implementation of a network of trusted digital repositories.
http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla74/papers/084-Armstrong-en.pdf

Crown Copyright and the Privatization of Information
Chabriol Colebatch
Proceedings from the World Library and Information Congress: 74th IFLA General Conference and Council, 10-14 August 2008, Quebec, Canada

Information is more accessible today than ever before. With the growth of the internet and developments such as Open Access publishing, Creative Commons licensing and Open Courseware, seemingly limitless amounts of information are available for immediate, free and often unrestricted use. In this context, the continued existence and enforcement of Crown copyright is both incongruous and inappropriate. Found mainly in Commonwealth countries, Crown copyright is a special form of copyright that gives governments rights to restrict reproduction and dissemination of government materials.
http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla74/papers/087-Colebatch-en.pdf

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

No Brief Candle: Reconceiving Research Libraries for the 21st Century
Council on Library and Information Resources, August 2008

This new title from CLIR, No Brief Candle: Reconceiving the Research Library for the 21st Century, is composed of a series of provocative essays, the proceedings of a lively and informed symposium earlier this year in Washington, and a set of recommendations extrapolated from both. While several of the subject headings are familiar—scholarly communication, peer review, preservation of data, and e-science—the conclusions and recommendations are not. The consensus derived from these efforts was unambiguous in calling for more aggressive intervention to better structure and manage the challenges we face.
http://www.clir.org/pubs/reports/pub142/pub142.pdf

Social Software in Libraries: SPEC Kit 304 Published by ARL
August 19, 2008

While a growing number of libraries have adopted social software as a way to further interact with library patrons and library staff, many things are unclear about the use of social software in ARL member libraries. This SPEC survey was designed to discover how many libraries and library staff are using social software and for what purposes, how those activities are organized and managed, and the benefits and challenges of using social software, among other questions.
http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/spec304web.pdf

Publisher-Author Agreements and the NIH Public Access Policy
August 15, 2008

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has released "PubMed Central Deposit and Author Rights: Agreements between 12 Publishers and the Authors Subject to the NIH Public Access Policy." To help authors make informed choices about their rights, the report compares how the agreements of 12 publishers permit authors to meet the requirements of the recently revised National Institutes of Health (NIH) Public Access Policy and share their works while they are under embargo.
http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/grillot-pubmed.pdf

Reaching Out: A Fascinating Look Into the Libraries of Canada and Quebec
August 8, 2008

Reaching out - Innovations in Canadian libraries is the result of a call for contributions made in September 2006 to all the country's libraries by Mme Lise Bissonnette, chief executive officer of Bibliotheque et Archives nationales du Quebec, and Mr. Ian E. Wilson, Librarian and Archivist of Canada. The 40 projects, selected from the 150 entries, come from all kinds of libaries. They highlight how these libraries attract new users, respond to the specific needs of the communities they serve, develop their virtual presence and multiply remote services or set up user-friendly premises to make users want to take advantage of their library.
http://www.marketwatch.com/news/story/reaching-out-fascinating-look-libraries/story.aspx?guid={66377414-1F43-4BEE-BDA5-7702A4E9AF53}&dist=hppr

An Evaluation and horizon scan of the current library management systems and related systems landscape for UK higher education
Veronica Adamson et al
JISC & SCONUL Library Management Systems Study, March 2008

This is a period of uncertainty and change for HE libraries in terms of institutional priorities, user perceptions, globalization of services and communities and new technologies. Users expect ease of discovery, workflow and delivery influenced by major web companies such as Google and Amazon and Web2.0. In this context, JISC is working towards an Information Environment for learning, teaching and research, involving deep integration of services and resources within the personal, institutional, national and global landscape. As central service providers, HE libraries are raising questions about the role, interoperability and value of their systems.
http://www.sconul.ac.uk/news/lms_report/lmsstudy/lmsstudy.pdf

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

The Oxford eResearch Conference 2008
Oxford, United Kingdom, September 11-13, 2008

This multi-disciplinary, international conference on e-Research being organized by a consortium of research projects in association with the journal Information Communication and Society (iCS). The conference seeks to stimulate and inform multi-disciplinary research on the development, use and implications of information and communication technologies (ICTs), like the Internet, in shaping research across the disciplines. It will bring together research from key e-Research projects from around the world examining the role of the Internet, Web and the Grid in research.
http://www.oii.ox.ac.uk/microsites/eresearch08/

Access 2008
Hamilton, Ontario, October 1-4, 2008

Access is Canada’s premier library technology conference that focuses on issues relating to technology planning, development, challenges and solutions. Some of the topics covered this year are: customized web applications and search interfaces; open source software; library catalogue innovations; digitization projects; institutional repositories.
http://access2008.blog.lib.mcmaster.ca/

Diego Argáez
Research Officer / Agent de recherche

Canadian Association of Research Libraries / Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada
Room / Pièce 238, Pavillon Morisset Hall, 65 University Private
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9A5
Phone / Téléphone : (613) 562-5800 ext. 2427
Fax / Télécopieur : (613) 562-5297
E-mail / Courriel : ac.awattou|oprlrac#ac.awattou|oprlrac
www.carl-abrc.ca

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