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E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.

E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l'intention des membres de l'ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants: recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.

CARL COMMUNIQUE / COMMUNIQUÉ DE L’ABRC

The Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) sent a list of pre-election questions to the offices of the federal parties. The questionnaire went out to the leaders of the five major federal parties. PDF

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L’Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada (ABRC) a envoyée une liste de questions pré-électorales aux secrétariats des parties fédéraux. Les chefs des cinq parties fédéraux majeurs ont reçut le questionnaire. PDF

NEWS / NOUVELLES

Open Access Day
PLoS, SPARC, and Students for Free Culture
October 14, 2008

Open Access Day organizers will begin live, worldwide broadcasts of events at 7:00 PM (Eastern and Pacific time). Campus libraries and student organizers are invited to host meetings around the broadcast. A number of Canadian Institutions will be participating. Open Access Day will help to broaden awareness and understanding of Open Access, including recent mandates and emerging policies, within the international higher education community and the general public. Campuses and organizations who wish to participate in the online events scheduled for October 14, 2008 are reminded to register no later than Friday, October 3.
http://openaccessday.org/

A participant at the Canadian Association of Research Libraries IR meeting in Hamilton reports on the proceedings in blog post
October 2, 2008

The Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL) hosed an Institutional Repository meeting in Hamilton Ontario on Wednesday October 1st, 2008 to coincide with Access 2008. Three major themes emerged from the meeting: DSpace is commonly used; Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETDs); Scholarly Communications Programs.
http://relog.wordpress.com/2008/10/02/carl-ir-meeting-at-access-2008/

CLA Launches Federal Election Kit
October 3, 2008

CLA has released a new kit to help librarians and others present the library community's views to candidates in the federal election. It summarizes nine key library issues and provides suggestions on how librarians, trustees and others can reach out to candidates.
Federal Election Kit: http://www.cla.ca/news/CLA_Election_Kit_2008.pdf
Federal Election Tool: http://www.cla.ca/election_widget.html

A bill to overturn the NIH policy
Peter Suber
SPARC Open Access Newsletter, October 2, 2008

Six months after the new, strengthened version of the NIH OA policy took effect, it faces a bill in Congress to overturn it. Rep. John Conyers (D-MI) introduced the Fair Copyright in Research Works Act (H.R. 6845) on September 9. Conyers is the chairman of the powerful House Judiciary Committee, which is the House committee most responsible for copyright legislation, especially through its Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet, and Intellectual Property. The subcommittee held a hearing on the Conyers bill on September 11. The gist of the bill is to prohibit federal funding agencies from requiring grantees to transfer any rights or licenses to the government as a condition of funding, for any works (1) even partially funded by a source other than a US federal agency and (2) even partially reflecting the "meaningful added value" of any other party.
http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/newsletter/10-02-08.htm#nih

Analysis of Comments and Implementation of the NIH Public Access Policy
National Institutes of Health, October 2, 2008

NIH received 613 unduplicated comments from a broad cross-section of the public, including NIH-funded investigators, members of the general public, patient advocates, professional organizations, and publishers. This report summarizes these comments. Most comments offered broad support for the policy as written. Many comments requested a reduction in the delay period before papers can be made publicly available on PubMed Central. In some cases, commenters expressed concern about the Policy, others asked for clarification, and still others
suggested alternatives to NIH’s implementation.
http://publicaccess.nih.gov/analysis_of_comments_nih_public_access_policy.pdf

The National Cancer Institute of Canada (NCIC) adopts an OA mandate
October 1, 2008

Effective July 2009, all researchers supported in whole or in part through the NCIC are required to make their published results of NCIC supported work publicly available. Researchers are encouraged to make their work publicly available as soon as possible, but must do so no later than six months after the final publication date.
http://www.ncic.cancer.ca/ncic/internet/standard/0,3621,84658243_85827972_303466622_langId-en,00.html

DRIVER and eIFL.net signed Memorandum of Understanding
September 29, 2008

DRIVER and eIFL.net – Electronic Information for Libraries – have identified demand for cooperation in order to progress and enhance the provision, visibility and application of European research outputs through digital repositories. Rima Kupryte, Director of eIFL.net, said ‘eIFL.net and DRIVER share the vision that research institutions should contribute actively and cooperatively to a global, interoperable, trusted and long-term data and service infrastructure based on Open Access digital repositories.
http://www.eifl.net/cps/sections/news/press-area/2008-09-29

The CCR questions leaders on research
September 26, 2008

The Canadian Consortium for Research (CCR) wants to know what federal party leaders have in store for research if they form Canada’s next government. A consortium of 18 organizations representing the full spectrum of science, the CCR distributed five questions to each of the federal party leaders to seek clarification on their plans for research in the government, university, college and private sectors.
http://en.ccr-ccr.ca/?section_id=4&content_id=33

AUCC asks parties to demonstrate support for higher education and research
September 10, 2008

Universities matter to Canada and to Canadians. In uncertain economic times, strategic investment by governments can make a major impact on the well-being of their citizens. In this questionnaire to the federal party leaders, AUCC asks all parties in the 2008 election if they will commit to maintaining and improving the federal government’s support for higher education and university research.
http://www.aucc.ca/publications/media/2008/election_site_09_10_e.html

ARTICLES

Microsoft Unveils Plan for 3 Labs in Europe
Eric Pfanner
The New York Times, October 2, 2008

Microsoft said that it would set up research centers in Britain, France and Germany to improve its Internet search technology, describing the move as a vote of confidence in the European economy and in the company’s ability to close the gap with Google.
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/03/technology/internet/03soft.html?_r=1&th=&adxnnl=1&oref=slogin&emc=th&adxnnlx=1223043442-XzH8WPsBBdEpJejLtdsVbw

One month later, has Chrome’s polish lasted?
Jeremy Kutner
The Christian Science Monitor, October 2, 2008

To judge from the thousands of articles that followed Google’s release of its Web browser, Chrome, one thing was clear: A browser war is on. But now that a month has passed, average users could be excused for wondering what all this buzz was about, and whether switching to a new browser is actually worth the effort. So what does Chrome actually mean for the everyday Web surfer? Right now, not much – but a few years out, Google’s browser could mean a whole lot more.
http://features.csmonitor.com/innovation/2008/10/02/one-month-later-has-chrome’s-polish-lasted/

Logging On for a Second (or Third) Opinion
John Schwartz
The New York Times, September 29, 2008

At least three-quarters of all Internet users look for health information online, according to the Pew Internet and American Life Project; of those with a high-speed connection, 1 in 9 do health research on a typical day. And 75 percent of online patients with a chronic problem told the researchers that “their last health search affected a decision about how to treat an illness or condition,” according to a Pew Report released last month, “The Engaged E-Patient Population.”
http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/30/health/30online.html?_r=1&oref=slogin

More 'Open Teaching' Courses, and What They Could Mean for Colleges
Jeffrey R. Young
The Chronicle of Higher Education, September 26, 2008

Last month The Chronicle of Higher Education wrote about a professor’s experiment in “open teaching,” in which he allowed anyone to take his online course and fully participate in discussions. Since then readers have alerted the CHE to at least three other experiments in open teaching, in what appears to be a growing movement.
http://chronicle.com/wiredcampus/article/3349/more-open-teaching-courses-and-what-they-could-mean-for-colleges?utm_source=at&utm_medium=en

Free our libraries! Why We Need A New Approach to Putting Library Collections Online
Richard K. Johnson, September 26, 2008

A momentous, ill-considered shift is now afoot that threatens to limit the public rights
in the collections assembled and maintained, often at public expense, in libraries around
the globe. Today Google and other businesses are scanning millions of books from the world’s great libraries and offering access to them on the Web. What is emerging is less than the vision of a vast, free, Internet public library of accumulated knowledge. Barriers to use of digital texts are popping up almost as fast as books are being scanned. The rights that readers enjoyed in the print world are being eroded as books are electronically transformed. In the process, we’re at risk of losing some of the rights we enjoyed under copyright.
http://www.blc.org/news/BLC_summit_white_paper_9-29-08.pdf

Voici venu le temps de «l'esprit critique»
Brigitte Saint-Pierre
Le Devoir, 24 septembre 2008

Qu'est-ce qu'une maîtrise aujourd'hui? Y a-t-il des dénominateurs communs entre les différents programmes? Un même mot est-il au contraire utilisé pour faire référence à des diplômes très différents les uns des autres? Regard sur cette question. Les exigences du marché du travail sont plus importantes que par le passé et le niveau de scolarité de la population est en augmentation.
http://www.ledevoir.com/2008/09/24/207107.html

O3b Networks: A far-out plan to deliver the Web
Gregory M. Lamb
The Christian Science Monitor, September 24, 2008

Greg Wyler worked in Rwanda from 2004 to 2006, trying to stitch together a modern Internet infrastructure for the African country, finally putting itself back together after a devastating civil war. Today, Wyler is back in the US with a fresh perspective on the problem. Instead of slugging it out on the African landscape, the high-tech entrepreneur will attack from space. His new company, O3b Networks, plans to launch 16 satellites into low-earth orbit around the equator, opening up inexpensive Internet access to billions of people in remote parts of Africa, Asia, the Middle East, and Latin America.
http://features.csmonitor.com/innovation/2008/09/24/o3b-networks-a-far-out-plan-to-deliver-the-web/

Using Personas to Understand the Needs and Goals of Institutional Repository Users
Jack M. Maness et al
D-Lib Magazine, Volume 14, Number 9/10, September/October, 2008

This study shares the results of an effort to understand the needs and goals of future institutional repository (IR) users at the University of Colorado at Boulder (UCB). Due to underutilization of IRs at other institutions, the University Libraries at UCB decided it was imperative that insight into users' goals and needs of an IR be gained before design of the repository began. The results of this study yielded "personas" describing different classes of potential IR users on university campuses, which can be used to guide IR architects in designing repositories that facilitate increased participation.
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/september08/maness/09maness.html

Putting the Library in Wikipedia
Lauren Pressley and Carolyn J. McCallum
Online, Volume 32, Number 5, September/October 2008

Few online resources provoke as much controversy in the library community as Wikipedia. Some librarians hate it, arguing that since anyone can edit it, it can’t be trusted. Others love it, because it is fast, easy to use, and a good starting point for research. With such a conflicted relationship, there’s no clear answer as to where (or whether) Wikipedia belongs in libraries.
http://www.infotoday.com/online/sep08/Pressley_McCallum.shtml

RESOURCES / RESSOURCES

Open Source Business Resource

The Open Source Business Resource (OSBR) is a free monthly publication of the Talent First Network. The OSBR is for Canadian business owners, company executives and employees, directors of open source foundations, leaders of open source projects, open source groups, individuals and organizations that contribute to open source projects, academics and students interested in open source, technology transfer professionals, and government employees who promote wealth creation through innovation. Each issue contains thoughtful insights on open source issues written for and by people who work with open source.
[See for example in September 2008 issue, “Social Innovation: Access and Leadership”, Dr. Rosanne Runte, President and Vice-Chancellor, Carleton University
http://www.osbr.ca/ojs/index.php/osbr/article/view/701/669]
http://www.osbr.ca/ojs/index.php/osbr/index

Mind the skills gap: Information-handling training for researchers
Research Information Network, July 2008

In embracing the new opportunities presented by online resources, many researchers have acquired a range of new skills. But librarians and information professionals say that many researchers display alarming deficits in their skills and in their understanding of the new online information environment.
http://www.rin.ac.uk/training-research-info

Traduction française de "Briefing Papers" sur la préservation des documents numériques
Digital Preservation Europe, 18 juin 2008

Digital Preservation Europe a mit en ligne (pdf) la traduction française plusieurs "Briefing Papers" faisant brièvement le point sur des sujets relatifs à la préservation des documents numériques.
http://www.digitalpreservationeurope.eu/publications/briefs/french.php

Activities, costs and funding flows in scholarly communications
Research Information Network, May 2008

The roles and the activities undertaken by the key groups of players in the scholarly communications process have changed fundamentally, and will change further in the next few years. There is increasing interest from researchers, funders, publishers, librarians and others in finding ways more fully to exploit the opportunities created by new technologies. But debates about how to achieve this have often generated more heat than light; and we lack reliable evidence about key features of the scholarly communications system as a whole.
http://www.rin.ac.uk/files/Income-&-cost-flows-report-(full-version)-final.pdf

EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS

Northern Exposure to Leadership Institute 2009
Emerald Lake, British Columbia, February 26 - March 3, 2009

The Institute's mission is to assist professional librarians to develop, strengthen, and exercise their leadership skills so that they may be better equipped to formulate, articulate, and achieve the future changes required by libraries into the 21st century. Based on the premise of experiential learning, the Institute includes group and individual exercises, as well as the opportunity to learn in conversation with mentors, who have been chosen for their own leadership skills, and who will be participating as volunteers.
http://www.ls.ualberta.ca/neli/

Diego Argáez
Research Officer / Agent de recherche

Canadian Association of Research Libraries / Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada
Room / Pièce 238, Pavillon Morisset Hall, 65 University Private
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9A5
Phone / Téléphone : (613) 562-5800 ext. 2427
Fax / Télécopieur : (613) 562-5297
E-mail / Courriel : ac.awattou|oprlrac#ac.awattou|oprlrac
www.carl-abrc.ca

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