E-lert / Cyberavis is a weekly alerting service commissioned for CARL Directors. Coverage is principally: research, innovation, scholarly publishing, scholarly communication, scholarly journals, electronic journals, copyright and access to published government information.
E-lert / Cyberavis est un service de signalement hebdomadaire à l'intention des membres de l'ABRC. Il porte principalement sur les domaines suivants: recherche, innovation, édition savante, communication savante, périodiques savants, périodiques électroniques, droit d’auteur et accès aux informations gouvernementales rendues publiques.
CARL COMMUNIQUE / COMMUNIQUÉ DE L’ABRC
Mr. Brian Bell, former Director, AlouetteCanada, and Executive Co-Director, Canadiana.org, has completed his appointment at Canadiana.org leaving in place the development process of a new Business Plan for Canadiana.org. He returns to Oakville Public Library, where he was Director of E-Services, after a two-year leave of absence to work with AlouetteCanada and then with Canadiana.org following the merger of the two organizations. PDF
M. Brian Bell, ancien directeur d’AlouetteCanada et directeur général adjoint de Canadiana.org, a terminé son mandat chez Canadiana.org, laissant en place le processus de développement d’un nouveau plan d’affaires pour Canadiana.org. Après un congé de deux ans pour travailler avec AlouetteCanada et avec Canadiana.org suite à la fusion des deux organisations, il retourne à la Oakville Public Library où il a assumé le poste de Director, E-Services. PDF
An updated brochure for the SPARC Canadian Author Addendum is available on the CARL Website. PDF
Un dépliant publicitaire mis à jour pour l’Addenda de l’auteur canadien SPARC est disponible sur le site Web de l’ABRC. PDF
NEWS / NOUVELLES
Canadian owner seeks ruling on website's legality
Globe and Mail, November 6, 2008
Gary Fung is going on the offensive rather than waiting for the copyright police to come for him. Mr. Fung is the Canadian owner of Isohunt.com, one of the most popular torrent search engines on the Internet. After receiving letters from the Canadian Recording Industry Association last May, which insisted he remove all links to copyrighted material, Mr. Fung is launching a pre-emptive strike and is asking the Supreme Court of British Columbia to rule on whether his website violates the Copyright Act of Canada.
Scholars Mull Rules for Training in Research Ethics
The Chronicle of Higher Education, November 4, 2008
Should scholars who work with human subjects be required by the federal government to receive formal training in research ethics? What about people who serve on committees that oversee human-subjects research—should the government mandate training for them? Four months ago, the Office for Human Research Protections, the federal agency with authority over such matters, announced that it might issue new training requirements, and it requested public comments (The Chronicle, July 2).
Une universitaire de renom à la présidence de la Fédération canadienne des sciences humaines
3 novembre 2008
Nathalie Des Rosiers, doyenne de la Section de droit civil de la Faculté de droit de l’Université d’Ottawa, est la nouvelle présidente de la Fédération canadienne des sciences humaines. Son mandat de deux ans a débuté lors de la réunion du Conseil de la Fédération qui s’est tenue à Ottawa au cours de la fin de semaine. Mme Des Rosiers succède à Noreen Golfman, doyenne des études supérieures et professeure au Département d’anglais de l’Université Memorial.
Compte rendu de la réunion du Conseil d’administration de la Fédération canadienne des sciences humaines les 1er et 2 novembre 2008, à Ottawa
Report of the Board of Directors’ Meeting of the Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences November 1-2, 2008 Ottawa http://fedcan.ca/english/pdf/publications/BoardSummary_nov08_en.pdf
Google suddenly big in book business
Toronto Star, November 3, 2008
Canadian publishers, unlike some European counterparts, aren't sounding any alarms over the $125 million (U.S.) settlement reached last week in the three-year-old dispute between Google and U.S. publishers and authors. In addition to providing payment for publishers and authors whose books are digitized by Google, the deal opens the door for consumers to read larger chunks of text and even purchase books online. The arrangement, which requires court approval and likely won't take effect until later next year, will enable Google to multiply its existing digitized library of more than seven million books.
Canadian wish list for secret ACTA treaty long, varied
Ars Technica, November 3, 2008
The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) rolls secretly onward, with all negotiations conducted privately, as all draft documents are kept confidential. Bits of information have dribbled out over the past year—the US has made public the various comments on the treaty submitted by stakeholders—but several of the main players involved have been even less forthcoming. Canadian law professor Michael Geist has used the country's "Access to Information Act" to finally gain access to some of the treaty requests (PDF) made by stakeholders there, and the document makes quite clear that Canada has a wide range of views on ACTA… some questioning sharply whether it is needed at all.
Highlights and Buzz From Educause Conference
Jeffrey R. Young
The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 31, 2008
This year’s Educause conference was as big as ever, despite a bad economy that is starting to impact travel budgets. The organization, which focuses on higher-education, drew more than 7,300 people to its annual meeting, but the sluggish economy was evident in the exhibit hall — many technology companies that usually tout their coolest new gadgets here instead focused their pitches on how their products could save colleges money.
Is Google Earth Becoming a Platform for Academic Scholarship?
Jeffrey R. Young
The Chronicle of Higher Education, October 30, 2008
Earlier this year scholars at the University of Richmond unveiled an innovative Web site that displays county-by-county election data from U.S. presidential elections since 1840. Now their project’s been Googled.
German Publishers Accuse Google Controlling Culture
October 30, 2008
The Boersenverein, the German booksellers and publishers association which has bitterly opposed Google for years, rejected the accord as a "creeping takeover." "This accord is like a Trojan Horse," Alexander Skipis, chief executive of the Boersenverein, said in a statement on Thursday, Oct. 30. "Google aims to achieve worldwide control of knowledge and culture. "In the name of cultural diversity, this American model is out of the question for Europe," he said, adding that it contradicted "the European ideal of diversity through competition."
EU supports open access to scientific and scholarly information
October 29, 2008
The European Commission has thrown its weight behind the movement to make science and scholarship more transparent and socially responsible. The European Commissioner for Science and Research, Janez Potočnik, supports the call for open access, which will make scientific and scholarly information freely available via digital storage areas (“repositories”) on the Internet. SURF has been pressing for open access since 2004 and actively promotes this development in the Netherlands.
Google Settlement Has A Few Unseen Wrinkles for Authors
Authorlink, November 6 - November 13, 2008 Edition
The $125 million settlement between Google and a class-action group headed by the Author’s Guild and Association of American Publishers, at first glance looks like the perfect dream for authors. After a five-year court battle against Google, authors and publishers may at last see some compensation for books initially scanned without permission by the search mogul. That’s the good news. However, a closer look at the 323-page legal tomb gives rise to some questions that publishers, authors and their agents may want to answer before unreservedly embracing the Google Book Search program.
An open letter to the next President of the United States
SPARC Open Access Newsletter, November 2, 2008
A common assumption of previous administrations has been that publicly-funded research, once completed, automatically enters an effective dissemination system and quickly finds its way to all those who can make use of it. The assumption is false. In the age of print, the system was very ineffective, but at least publicly-funded research was disseminated about as effectively as the system allowed. Not every library could subscribe to every journal, and access gaps were widespread. But the system failures were excusable: print publishing was expensive, prices were reasonable (until the mid-1970s when they started to rise faster than inflation), and gaps were unavoidable. In the age of the internet, however, the assumption is still false, and the system failures are no longer excusable.
Supporting the “Scholarship” in E-Scholarship
Christine L. Borgman
EDUCAUSE Review, Volume 43, Number 6, November/December 2008
Retrieving whole books, articles, and other documents is no longer sufficient for scholarly research. Faculty and students want to mine documents or other textual works. What is new in the digital environment? Information can be extracted in smaller units, mashed up, and recombined—preferably with attribution to the original sources. Faculty and students alike need assistance in learning how to think with these tools and services if they are to ask truly new questions with them.
In Google Book Search Settlement, Readers Lose
Xconomy, October 31, 2008
Specifically, the settlement seems to put an end to hopes that the Google Library Project would result in widespread free or low-cost electronic access to books that are out of print but have not yet passed into the public domain. These books—and there are millions of them—are in a painful state of limbo. They’re deemed commercially non-viable by their original publishers, so you can’t find them in most bookstores. Yet no one else can republish them without getting permission from the original copyright holders or their heirs or assignees—and for many so-called “orphan works,” these rights holders can’t even be identified or located. So the only way to read one of these books is to find a copy at a used bookseller, or figure out which public or academic library owns a copy, and then physically travel there.
Handle this book!
The New York Times, October 30, 2008
Rare books and manuscripts, once restricted to scholars and graduate students in white gloves, are being incorporated into undergraduate courses at institutions like the University of Iowa, Smith College, the University of Washington and Harvard. Last academic year, almost 200 classes and student tours visited the rare-books collection of the University of Pennsylvania.
Turning research into action
Dr. David Phipps
RE$EARCH MONEY, Volume 22, Number 16, November 29, 2008
In response to the Government of Canada's Federal S&T Strategy, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) announced three strategic directions in its document Framing Our Direction. SSHRC will enhance the quality of research and training programs, enable connections between researchers and the larger community and increase the impact of research. Knowledge Mobilization (KM) is one tool that will allow SSHRC to fulfill its connection and impact mandates.
Will life on planet Google be a nightmare or a dream?
The Independent, October 27, 2008
Is Google good or is it evil? Is the company an all-knowing behemoth that is hubristically "transforming our lives", Big Brother-style, with its intrusive technology? Or is it a plucky, selfless Silicon Valley start-up that is "audaciously" organising all the world's information for all of our benefit? Is Google Orwell or is it Disney? The answer might depend on whether you trust the marketing instincts of English or American publishers.
Libraries of the future – What’s happening today?
Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) and the Guardian, September 29, 2008
As part of the Libraries of the Future campaign, JISC and The Guardian newspaper have pooled resources to investigate what UK higher education is doing to create user-friendly and technologically advanced libraries for the future. Three new articles, which are previewed below, have just been published on The Guardian’s Libraries Unleashed microsite: CERN – Too much information?; Technology saves vital hours for librarians; Libraries rise to the challenge of inclusion.
Searching with Tags: Do Tags Help Users Find Things?
Margaret E.I. Kipp,
Proceedings 10th International Conference of the International Society for Knowledge Organization, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, 2008
This study examines the question of whether tags can be useful in the process of information retrieval. Participants were asked to search a social bookmarking tool specialising in academic articles (CiteULike) and an online journal database (Pubmed) in order to determine if users found tags were useful in their search process. The actions of each participants were captured using screen capture software and they were asked to describe their search process.
Environmental scanning: an essential tool for twenty-first century librarianship
Library Review, Volume 57, Number 7, 2008
Today, libraries face enormous challenges related to the development and implementation of “value-added” services for their stakeholders. Libraries of every type and size are facing similar resource constraints and competitive pressures from corporate entities – external to the library – that are vying to provide services directly to the stakeholders that librarians have traditionally served. In order to maintain a competitive edge, every element of the library profession including: librarians; administrators; schools of library and information science; and our professional associations need to understand and monitor – on a global basis – the shifting competitive landscape.
RESOURCES / RESSOURCES
Science, technologie et industrie : Perspectives de l'OCDE, édition 2008
27 octobre 2008
Au moyen des données et indicateurs les plus récents disponibles, cet ouvrage aborde certains thèmes qui sont au cœur des préoccupations des responsables de la politique de la science et de l’innovation, notamment les performances en science et innovation, les tendances des politiques nationales de la science, de la technologie et de l’innovation et les pratiques pour évaluer les impacts socio-économiques de la recherche publique.
Libraries and Publishing 3.0: Student Views from the School of Library, Archival and Information Studies, the University of British Columbia
Papers presented at the 63rd Annual Conference and Trade Show of the Canadian Library Association 21-24 May 2008, Vancouver, British Columbia
This CASLIS Occasional Paper features research papers written by graduate students from the University of British Columbia's School of Library, Archival and Information Studies. Based on the theme of the 2008 Canadian Library Association Conference - "Libraries and Publishing 3.0: Connecting Authors to Readers in the Digital Age" - the papers were delivered at a session sponsored by CASLIS.
How Canada Performs: A Report Card on Canada
The Conference Board of Canada, 2008
Canada’s most recent annual report card is disappointing. While Canada is still in the gifted class among nations, its report card tells the story of a country moving to the back of the class because of its underperformance in almost all subjects. By benchmarking Canada’s performance against its international peers, Canada can learn what it can do to sustain a high quality of life and what should be avoided.
Proceedings from the ARL/CNI Fall Forum
October 16-17, 2008
Presentation audio and slides are now online from the recent forum on "Reinventing Science Librarianship: Models for the Future," co-sponsored by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) and the Coalition for Networked Information (CNI). Leaders of research libraries and campus IT services gathered in Arlington, Virginia, October 16-17, 2008, to discuss trends in scientific research and the development of new library roles responsive to those trends.
Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives
John Palfrey and Urs Gasser
Basic Books, 2008
In this book Palfrey and Gasser describe the coming of age of the generation of children who were "born into and raised in the digital world" and discusses their potential influence on the economy, politics, culture, and family life. The book is part of the Digital Natives project, an interdisciplinary collaboration of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University and the Research Center for Information Law at the University of St. Gallen.
Content: Selected Essays on Technology, Creativity, Copyright, and the Future of the Future
Tachyon Publications, 2008
Hailed as “a political activist, gizmo freak, junk collector, programmer, entrepreneur, and all-around Renaissance geek,” the Internet’s favorite high-tech culture maven, Cory Doctorow, is celebrated with the first collection of his infamous articles, essays, and polemics irreverently championing free speech and universal access to information. Readers will discover how America chose Happy Meal toys over copyright, why Facebook is taking a faceplant, how the Internet is basically just a giant Xerox machine, why Wikipedia is a poor cousin of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy, and how to enjoy free e-books.
Learning Circuits Redesigned
Learning Circuits, a one-person operation edited by Ryann Ellis, has been recently redesigned. The American Society for Training & Development (ASTD) launched Learning Circuits in January 2000. Its goal was to promote and aid the use of e-learning, creating a body of knowledge about how to use technology efficiently and effectively for learning. It delivers a fully interactive Website with discussions, demos and resources, and articles on a weekly basis. A monthly opt-in email newsletter, LC Express, sends news, teasers, and links to subscribers. There are nearly 800 articles currently on the Website.
Library Networking Group
The Library Networking Group is the electronic Meeting Space for libraries and the information profession. The challenges raised by ever-changing ideas, fresh perspectives and marketplace developments are being met by us every day. The continuing need to develop techniques and skills that keep us abreast of change are leading us to new solutions that we need to talk about. The pressure to share our best practices and, more importantly, our developing thoughts have led to the creation of Library Networking Group on-line community.
EVENTS / ÉVÉNEMENTS
Interactive marketing session to be featured at SPARC Digital Repositories Meeting
Baltimore, Maryland, November 17 – 18, 2008
At the upcoming SPARC Digital Repositories Meeting, branding strategist Nicole Colovos will lead a module dedicated to addressing one of the most compelling questions of digital repository management: How do we grow our content? This “Marketing Practicum” will introduce key marketing principles and strategies for the academic context. Participants will have a hands-on opportunity to apply these in an exercise aimed at engaging campus constituencies and demonstrating the importance of digital repositories. They will examine the research and publishing process from a variety of perspectives and be challenged to introduce repositories in ways that clearly communicate their benefits and opportunities to wide-ranging constituencies.
What’s the Buzz? Word-of-Mouth Marketing for Libraries
Library Journal/School Library Journal Webcast Event
Nov. 18, 2:00 p.m. EDT
Whether you want to promote new programs or keep patrons updated on longstanding services, word-of-mouth marketing is the ticket to build awareness in your community and get people talking about your library in positive terms. Word-of-mouth marketing (WOM) offers your institution and staff a low-cost way to identify and harness social networks that can be used to spread the library's message and service offerings.
Before You Make e-Resource Decisions, Get the Real Facts About Usage
Swets Wise webinar, November 18, 2008 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. EST
In today’s uncertain economy, library collection choices are more important than ever. E-resource acquisitions must be based on solid analysis of the value they bring to users. This free informational Webinar will discuss how Swets’ ScholarlyStats can help inform better e-resource decisions.
Tuesday, November 18, 2008, 11 AM ET / Tuesday, November 18, 2008, 2 PM ET
Persistence of Memory: Sustaining Digital Collections
Chicago, Illinois, December 9-10, 2008
What is Persistence of Memory? This conference, taught by a faculty of national experts, addresses the question of digital longevity. Institutions are rapidly acquiring collections of digitized and born-digital resources. Without intervention, these materials will not survive even a single human career. This two-day conference will highlight evolving best practices for digital preservation to help you with the life-cycle management of your institution’s collections. Who should attend? Librarians, archivists, museum professionals, information technology specialists, chief information officers, and administrators responsible for managing and preserving digital resources.
What does it cost and who pays? scholarly communications globally and in the U.K.
Research Information Network (RIN) event, London, U.K., December 11, 2008
The aim of the event is to promote the report and the tool (model) used for the detailed economic modeling. The event also sets out to present and develop additional/alternative publishing models and encourage people to think about using the model to examine the economic impact of these alternatives.
Community Engagement and Service: The Third Mission of Universities
Vancouver, BC, May 18 - 20, 2009
The conference will showcase research and practice of what in North America is called ‘Service to the Community’. Although newly discovered by some universities, service to the community, has a long tradition in others and, in many cases, is recognized as an explicit mandate in the university charter. Service is understood to be the third mission of universities, alongside Teaching and Research. Service and community engagement takes many different forms. Examples are community-based research and learning, assistance in regional development, continuing and community education, technology transfer, and other forms of knowledge sharing and linkages.
Research Officer / Agent de recherche
Canadian Association of Research Libraries / Association des bibliothèques de recherche du Canada
Room / Pièce 238, Pavillon Morisset Hall, 65 University Private
Ottawa, Ontario K1N 9A5
Phone / Téléphone : (613) 562-5800 ext. 2427
Fax / Télécopieur : (613) 562-5297
E-mail / Courriel : ac.awattou|oprlrac#ac.awattou|oprlrac